JOURNAL BROWSE
Search
Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Identification of Morphological Appearance of Minute Seed Herbs Using Stereoscope (Report II) - Alli Tuberosi Semen✳Alli Fistulosi Semen, Malvae Semen✳Abutili Semen, Plantaginis Semen✳Schizonepetae Semen
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
  • Journal title : The Korea Journal of Herbology
  • Volume 31, Issue 4,  2016, pp.61-69
  • Publisher : The Korea Association of Herbology
  • DOI : 10.6116/kjh.2016.31.4.61.
 Title & Authors
Identification of Morphological Appearance of Minute Seed Herbs Using Stereoscope (Report II) - Alli Tuberosi Semen✳Alli Fistulosi Semen, Malvae Semen✳Abutili Semen, Plantaginis Semen✳Schizonepetae Semen
Kim, Young-Sik; Ju, Young-Sung;
  PDF(new window)
 Abstract
Objectives : This study is to propose discriminative keys with stereoscope for minute seed herbs easily mixed up, but hard to discriminate by naked eyes: Alli Tuberosi Semen(ATS)✳Alli Fistulosi Semen(AFS), Malvae Semen(MS)✳ Abutili Semen(AS), Plantaginis Semen(PS)✳Schizonepetae Semen(SS).Objectives : We reviewed the description of original plants and medicinal herbs from literature. The specimen of original plant were collected, determinated and compared to samples in the market. Primary classification was performed with naked eyes. and we found out other discrimination keys for non-distinctive herbs with stereoscope. Discrimination keys were set as the morphological criteria of authentic herbs, percentage of adulteration, and standards for discriminating genuine herbs from adulteration.Results : 1) ATS is bigger, has reticulate pattern on protuberant side and unique garlic chives taste. AFS which is usually mixed up, is smaller, has 1~2 ridges and unique welsh onion taste. 2) MS is smaller, has no villus, but its length of bumps are similar. AS easily mixed up, is bigger and has white villus. Its upper side bump is longer and more sharp. 3) PS has dent at middle of the back side. It becomes very sticky when it is put or boiled in water. SS which can be mixed up has no dent and low viscosity compared to PS.Conclusions : With this result, we propose discriminative keys which can identify the original plants and processed herbal state of six herbs. Because minute medicinal herbs are hardly distinguishable by sensory test, It is essential to differentiate by using stereoscope.
 Keywords
Stereoscope;discriminative point;Alli Tuberosi Semen;Malvae Semen;Plantaginis Semen;
 Language
Korean
 Cited by
 References
1.
Ministry of Health and Welfare : Standard herbal medicine development. Ministry of Health and Welfare. 2004-2005.

2.
Korea Institute of Oriental Medicine. Korean Medicinal Materials vol 1, 2. Seoul : Geobook Publishing. 2014-2015.

3.
Kim JH, Lee KS, Choi GY, Kim YS : Comparative Study on Different Species of Medicinal Herbs Used as Jeonho (Qianhu) Using Morphological Appearance and Chromatographic Fingerprint. Kor. J. Herbology. 2012;27(3):15-21. crossref(new window)

4.
Ji CY, Kim TJ, Lee SH, Kim YS, Lee GS, Kim JH, Choi G, Ju YS. Identification of Morphological Appearance of Fine Seed Herbs Using Stereoscope (Report I) - Celosiae Semen, Celoisae Cristatae Semen, Cuscutae Semen, Perillae Semen. Kor. J. Herbology. 2013;34(3):1-12.

5.
Chen GT. General explanation of Compendium of Materia Medica. Beijing : Xueyuan chubanshe. 1992: 792, 851-2, 880-2, 1304-11.

6.
Yan KY. Primary illustrated commonly used Chinese herbal medicine book. Taipei : SMC Publishing. 1980: 180.

7.
The Xinwen Feng Publishing Company. Dictionary of Chinise herbal medicine. The Xinwen Feng Publishing Company. 1982:494, 965-8, 1360-1, 1400-1, 2245-7, 2062.

8.
Zai SM. Identification Manual of Chinese medicine. Kai Yip Book. 1985:170-3.

9.
Mao WS, Yan ZH, Mao XM, Liu SL. Herbal authenticity of identification. 1987:441-3.

10.
Zai SM. Chinese Medicinal Materials Science. Kai Yip Book. 1987:1032-4, 1045-6, 1082-5.

11.
Ren RN. Identification study of Chinese medicine. Shanghai Science and Technology Press. 1988:479, 488-9.

12.
Guangxi Provincial Institute for Herbal medicine. Primary color illustrated book to identify Chinese herbal medicines. Guangxi : Guangxi Science and Technology Publishing House. 1991: 122, 144.

13.
Home Administration of Traditional Chinese Medicine. Chinese Herbal medicine. Shanghai : Shanghai Science and Technology Press. 1999: 5;338-9, 363-4, 7;194-5, 517-21, 8;26-30, 44-5, 48.

14.
Yan WM. Chinese herbal medicines Authenticity. Beijing : People's Health Publishing House. 2000: 157, 375.

15.
Zhang GJ. The Modern Practical Chinese identification techniques. Beijing : People's Health Publishing House. 2000;131-4, 443-4, 558-9.

16.
Xiao PG. New Chinese medicine Journal. Chemical Industry Press. 2002:2;136-9, 213, 371-4, 509-12, 3;229.

17.
Chinese Herbal medicine and Biological Products, Guangdong Provincial Institute for Herbal medicine. Chinese herbal medicines authenticity of identification dictionary<3>. Guangdong : Guangdong Science and Technology Publishing House. 2005:43-4, 108, 146, 161.

18.
Zhang SJ. Chinese Medicinal Herbs identify the user manual. Guangdong : Guangdong Tourism Press. 2005:471-2, 493-4.

19.
Yang SC. Essentials of Chinese Traditional Medicine Authentication. Henan : Henan Science and Technology Press. 2006:111, 128, 138.

20.
Sin JH, Sin YW. Hyangyak Herbal medicine of HyangyakJipseongbang. Daegu : Keimyung University Press. 2006:39, 345, 364-5, 367.

21.
School of Chinese Medicine. Hong Kong Baptist University. Easily Confused Chinese Medicines in Hong Kong. Hong Kong : Chinese Medicine Merchants Association Ltd. 2007:134-5.

22.
Lee GF, Zhang JL. Rapid identification of Chinese herb commonly used in. Beijing : Ancient Chinese medicine Press. 2007:158, 188, 225-6.

23.
Wang ME, Pei HR. TCM character identification training materials. Beijing : Traditional Chinese Medicine Press. 2008:208, 236.

24.
Food and Drug Administration. Korean herbal medicine discriminate Book. Daejeon : Homi Publisher. 2009: 174, 179, 197-8. 512.

25.
Zhao ZZ, Lee YS. Identification of a hundred Herb. Beijing : People's Health Publishing House. 2009: 152-3.

26.
Korea Food and Drug Administration. The Guideline on the Visual and Organoleptic Examination of Herbal Medicine Vol. 4. Chungbuk : National Institute of Food and Drug Safety Evaluation. 2010:37, 62, 63.

27.
Zhao ZZ, Chen HB. Chinese herbal medicine identification Dictionary. Fuzhou : Fujian Science and Technology Press. 2010:294, 310, 414.

28.
Liu JZ. Chinese herbal identification and application. Guangdong : Guangdong People's Publishing House. 2010:190-2, 228-9.

29.
Wang ME. Identification of Chinese Herbal Medicine. Beijing : People's Health Publishing House. 2010:98-9, 110-1, 122-3.

30.
Chen SL, Lin YL. Zhongyao yinpian biaozhuntujian. Fuzhou : Fujian Science & Technology Publishing House. 2013:119, 120, 214, 364, 461.

31.
Herbology Editorial Committee of Korean Medicine Schools. Herbology [Boncho-hak]. Seoul : Young-Lim Press. 2016:354-5, 366, 623.