Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Experimental Study for Investigating Seismic Performances of RC Columns with Non-Seismic Details
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
Experimental Study for Investigating Seismic Performances of RC Columns with Non-Seismic Details
Kim, Dong-Hoon; Kim, Jong-Chan; Choi, Kyoung-Kyu;
In the present study, experimental studies were performed on six reinforced concrete columns with non-seismic details under cyclic lateral loading. The major test parameters are axial load ratio, hook angle, longitudinal reinforcement ratio, and shear span to depth ratio. The structural performances and characteristics of the specimens were discussed in terms of hysteretic load-displacement relationship, maximum shear strength, drift capacity, damping ratio, and energy dissipation. In the test results, it was observed that axial load ratio significantly affected the maximum shear strength and drift capacity, while longitudinal reinforcement ratio and shear span to depth ratio affected the maximum shear strength only. Most of specimens were finally failed in flexure-shear mode caused by micro diagonal cracks at plastic hinge zone after yield of longitudinal tension reinforcement. When comparing the test results with the prediction of ASCE 41-06, it was found that ASCE 41-06 underestimated a plastic deformation of reinforced concrete columns with non-seismic details.
Non-Seismic Detail;Reinforced Concrete Columns;Seismic Performances;Existing Buildings;Deformability;
 Cited by
ACI 374-2R-13 (2013). Guide for Testing Reinforced Concrete Structural Elements under Slowly Applied Simulated Seismic Load, ACI Committee 374, American Concrete Institute, 18.

Architectural Institute of Korea (1982). Code requirement and commentary for reinforced concrete structure (established by the Ministry of Construction), Architectural Institute of Korea. (in Korean)

ASCE/SEI 41-06 (2007). Seismic Rehabilitation of Existing Buildings, American Society of Civil Engineering, 411.

Chen, W. F. (1982). Plasticity in Reinforced Concrete, McGraw-Hill Book Company, 1982, 23.

Chung, Y.-S. & Park, H. (2001). Need and problems of earthquake design of RC structures, Magazine of the Korea Concrete Institute, 13(5), 10-15. (in Korean)

Elwood, K. J., & Moehle, J. P. (2005). Drift capacity of RC columms with light transverse reinforcement, Earthquake Specrtra, 21(1), 71-89. crossref(new window)

Esaki, F. (1996). Reinforcing Effect of Steel Plate Hoops on Ductility of R/C Square Columns, Proceedings of 11th World Conference on Earthquake Engineering, Pergamon, Elsevier Science Ltd., Oxford, England, Disc 3, Paper No. 196.

Hirosawa, M. (1973). A List of Past Experimental Results of Reinforced Concrete Columns, Building Research Institute, Ministry of Construction.

KMA (2014). Frequency rate of earthquake occurrence,, Korea Meteorological Administration.

Ko, S. H. (2012). Seismic performance of square RC column confined with spirals, Journal of The Korea Institute for Structural Maintenance and Inspection, 16(5), 88-97. (in Korean) crossref(new window)

Korea Infrastructure Safety Corporation (2011). Seismic Evaluation of Existing Infrastructures (Buildings), Ministry of Land, Transport and Maritime Affairs, 115. (in Korean)

Ku, X., Park, R., & Tanaka, H. (1991). Effects of variations in axial load level on the strength and ductility of reinforced concrete columns, Proceedings of Pacific Conference on Earthquake Engineering, New Zealand, 1, 147-158.

Lam, S., Wu, B., Wong, Z., Liu, Z., & Li, C. (2003). Drift capacity of rectangular reinforced concrete columns with low lateral confinement and high axial load, Journal of Structural Engineering, 129(6), 733-742. crossref(new window)

Lee, Y. H. & Song, J. J. (2012). An experimental study on the seismic performance of precast pier without PC tendon, Journal of KOSHAM (Korean Society of Hazard Mitigation), 12(6), 125-131. (in Korean)

Lynn, A. C. (2001). Seismic Evaluation of Existing Reinforced Concrete Buildings Columns, Ph.D. dissertation, Department of Civle and Environmental Engineering, University of California, Berkeley.

National Emergency Management Agency (2011). Development of Technologies for Improvement of Seismic Performance on the Existing Low-rise Buildings, 585. (in Korean)

Ohue, M., Morimoto, H., Fujii, S., & Morita, S. (1985). The behavior of RC short columns failing in splitting bond-shear under dynamic lateral loading, Transaction of the Japan Concrete Institite, 7, 293-300.

Park, R. (1988). State-of-the-Art Report on Ductility Evaluation from Laboratory and Analytical Testing, Proceedings of 9th World Conference on Earthquake Engineering, Tokyo-Kyoto, Japan, 8, 605-616.

Saatcioglu M., & Ozcebe, G. (1989). Response of reinforced concrete columns to simulated seismic load, ACI Structural Journal, 86(1), 3-12.

Sezen, H. & Moehle J. P. (2006). Seismic tests of concrete columns with light transverse reinforcement, ACI Structural Journal, 103(6), 842-849.

Sezen, H. (2002). Seismic Response and Modeling of Lightly Reinforced Concrete Building Columns, Ph.D. dissertation, Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of California, Berkeley.

Shibata, M., Thukamoto, T., Nakazawa, A., Hayashi, M., Shiraishi, T., Yamamoto, N., Kuramoto, H., & Minami, K. (Oct. 1989). Behavior in shear failure of RC columns with 40cm square section using high-strength shear reinforcement (part I), Summaries of technical papers of annual meeting Architectural Institute of Japan (日本建築學會大會學術構演梗槪集), 693-694. (in Japanese)

Wibowo, A., Wilson, J. L., Lam, N. T. K., & Gad, E. F. (2014). Drift capacity of lightly reinforced concrete columns, Australian Journal of Structural Engineering, 15(2), 131-150.

Wight, J. K., & Sozen, M. A. (1973). Shear Strength Decay on Reinforced Concrete Columns Subjected to large deflection reversals, Structural Research Series No. 302, University of Illinois, Urbana.

Wight, J. K., & Macgregor, J. G. (2008). Reinforced Concrete: Mechanics & Design (6th Edition), 1157.