JOURNAL BROWSE
Search
Advanced SearchSearch Tips
A Prism of Urban Design Theory of Modernism in Architecture - A Comparative Study on the Urban Design Theories between H. P. Berlage and CIAM -
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
A Prism of Urban Design Theory of Modernism in Architecture - A Comparative Study on the Urban Design Theories between H. P. Berlage and CIAM -
Kang, Tae-Woong; Kim, Tae-Sun;
 
 Abstract
Generally, theories of modernism urban architecture in the first half of century are known to be developed among debates in CIAM. At the time of formation of CIAM in 1928, one of the important concepts among those times was the standardization. CIAM had focused on the relation between architecture and general economy system and linked economic efficiency into the method of building production, declaring this way to be the universal modern architecture. However, the idea of Berlage who had already performed various collective housing and urban planning projects on the basis of the standardization was distinguishable form what CIAM had pursued on. Berlage's idea of standardization in terms of urban architecture was just like a tool, which embodies the new city culture and it was a part of his plenty of other urban architectural ideologies. In Berlage's idea of urban architecture, city structure must be consisted with human behavior-oriented factors such as housing, not implementing strategy of reductionism or simplicity, which CIAM had proposed. The point is, although Berlage signed La Sarraz declare of 1928 nominally, CIAM's notions did not meet Berlage's lofty goal, and CIAM's rather iconoclastic way of proclaiming La Sarraz declare was clearly contradicted to theoretical position that Berlage indicated.
 Keywords
Berlage;Standardization;CIAM;Urban Design;Collective Housing;Public Housing;
 Language
Korean
 Cited by
 References
1.
Berlage H. P., Architecture and Impressionism, 1894, trans, Whyte I. B. and De Wit W., Santa Monica CA, Getty for the History of Art and the Humanitie, 1996.

2.
Henk Engel and Jan de Heer, Cityscape aand Masshousing, OASE Journal for Architecture #75 33

3.
Donald I. Grinberg, Housing in the Netherlands 1900-1940, Delft University Press, 1997

4.
Eric Mumford, The CIAM Discourse on Urbanism 1928-1960, MIT Press, Cambridge MT, 2000

5.
Jan de Heer, "Style and Dwelling Type: Berlage's Housing Projects" in S. Polano, Hendrik Petrus Berlage, complete works, Rizzoli, New York, 1988

6.
Jeremy Till, 불완전한 건축, 이황 역, Spacetime, 2009

7.
Kees Somer, The Functional City: The CIAM and Cornelis van Eesteren, 1928-1960, Nai Publishers, 2007

8.
Pieter Singelenberg, H.P.Berlage-Idea and Style: The Quest for Modern Architecture, Dekker&Gumbert, Utrecht, 1972.

9.
Vincent van Rossem, "Berlage and the Culture of City Planning" in S. Polano, Hendrik Petrus Berlage, complete works, Rizzoli, New York, 1988

10.
Ulrich Conrads, Programs and Manifestoes on 20th-Century Architecture, MIT Press, 1975.

11.
강태웅, 근대주의 도시건축 이론의 감춰진 근원, 대한건축학회논문집, v25,n.11, 2009

12.
강태웅, 암스테르담 거래소에서 보이는 근대성에 관한 연구, 한국실내디자인학회논문집 v.15 n.3, 2006

13.
김기호, 프랑크푸츠트와 에른스트 마이: 사회주의의 실현과 계획가, 국토연구 184, 1997

14.
안세권, 서양철학에 있어서 합리주의, 철학논총 v.10

15.
임석재, 불어권아르누보건축 1, 발언, 1997

16.
임석재, 초기 근대건축에서의 근대성의 의미 및 전통의 역할, 건축역사학회, v.2 n.2, 1993