JOURNAL BROWSE
Search
Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Panopticon and Contradiction of Jeremy Bentham
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
Panopticon and Contradiction of Jeremy Bentham
Shin, Gun-Soo;
 
 Abstract
This study contends that the famous panopticon designed by Jeremy Bentham in 1791 (firstly in 1787) was not, despite his conviction, "a simple idea in Architecture," but a complex mechanism of visible operations. Nevertheless, this English philosopher made great efforts toward the construction of his prison, which was not, strictly speaking, panoptic ("seeing without being seen"). The purpose of this study is to analyze Bentham's contradiction regarding the impossibility of realizing the perfect process of one-way vision. In this research, Bentham's idea is examined through his last panopticon project, which is divided into two parts: a real optic system and the effect of invisible surveillance. To address this issue, it is firstly essential to understand the difference between Bentham's pure concept and his final project. Secondly, we must engage in a search for meaning within Bentham's propositions on architecture and surveillance mechanisms, after assessing the challenges involved in their implementation. Finally, this study will analyze the principles of the panopticon as compared to a general prison model by means of visual systems.
 Keywords
Panopticon;Jeremy Bentham;penitentiary architecture;Michel Foucault;
 Language
Korean
 Cited by
 References
1.
푸코, 미셸, 감시와 처벌, 오생근 역, 재판, 나남 출판, 2003(1975)

2.
홍성욱, 파놉티콘 - 정보사회, 정보감옥, 책세상, 2002

3.
벤담, 제러미, 파놉티콘, 신건수 역, 책세상, 2007

4.
Baltard, Louis-Pierre, Architectonographie des prisons ou parallele des diverses systemes de distribution dont les prisons sont susceptibles, selon le nombre et la nature de leur population, l'etendue et la forme des terrains, l'imprimerie de Grapelet, Paris, 1829

5.
Bentham, Jeremy, The Works of Jeremy Bentham, John Bowring(ed.)vol. IV and VIII

6.
Evans, Robin, The Fabrication of Virtue: English Prison Architecture, 1750-1840, Cambridge University Press, 1982.

7.
Harou-Romain. Nicolas-Philippe , Projet de Penitencier, 1840

8.
Mayhew, Henry & Binny, John, The criminal prison of London and scenes of prison life, Cambridge collection, 2011(1862)

9.
Petit, Jacques-Guy, Ces peines obscures: la prison penale en France 1780-1875, Fayard, 1992

10.
Semple, Janet, Bentham's Prison : A Study of the Panopticon Penitentiary, Oxford University, 1993

11.
Shin, Gunsoo, Entre Panoptique de J. Bentham et panoptisme de M. Foucault: Architecture penitentiaire en France 1791-1875, these de doctorat, 2013

12.
Steadmanm, Philip , "The contracdictions of Jeremy Bentham's Panopticon Penitentiary, UCL Bentham projet Journal of Bentham Studies, vol. 9(2007)

13.
The illustrated London news, 1843

14.
idler, Anthony, Claude -Nicolas Ledoux: architecture and Social Reform at the End of the Ancien Regime, The MIT press, 1990