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A Study on the Comparison of Freud's Dynamic Model and Frederick J. Kiesler's Architectural Thoughts
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 Title & Authors
A Study on the Comparison of Freud's Dynamic Model and Frederick J. Kiesler's Architectural Thoughts
Lee, Jae-In;
This study compared Frederick J. Kiesler's endless and correalism with Freud's dynamic model of psychoanalysis and, based on the comparison results, analyzed Kiesler's works, inferring new architectural concepts from a psychoanalytical viewpoint. In addition, the study found the interface between psychoanalysis and modern architecture based on the architectural concept drawn here, establishing the basis of combining the two fields. The results of the study are as follows. First, the comparison of dynamic model as an agency and correalism found that human environment can be comparable to a conscious ego, and natural environment and artificial environment to unconscious id and super-ego. The space which serves as a medium connecting the three environments can be seen as an agency that connects psychological factors of dynamic model. When the space concept of endless is compared here, the three environments can be understood as spaces that circulate without stopping like agencies of psychological factors in dynamic model. Second, in Kiesler's early works, his concept of endless was tilted towards morphological sides as continuous tension of shell structures. However, as he created several works, he developed the concept of section, and visual continuity evolved into spatial continuity. In this process, segment serves as a subject of spatial medium as an agency of each space. Third, in the final version of Kiesler's Endless House, segment developed as a symbolic space of seclusion. The space finalizes the concept of endless by completing a whole spatial flow through expanding the concept of section. This can be comparable to Freud's theoretical development that shows the psychological factors of ego, super-ego, and id have conscious and unconscious flows as agencies by completing dynamic model through the instruction of super-ego in Constructivist model.
Frederick J. Kiesler;Freud;Endless;Correalism;Dynamic Model;
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