Advanced SearchSearch Tips
A Study on the Relationship between Pedestrian-Vehicle Collisions and the Physical Environment Surrounding Schools for Safe Routes to School
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
A Study on the Relationship between Pedestrian-Vehicle Collisions and the Physical Environment Surrounding Schools for Safe Routes to School
Park, Seung-Hoon;
The purpose of this study is to explore environmental correlates of pedestrian-vehicle collisions within walkable distance from neighborhood schools in order to promote safe walking environment around schools. For this research, the total number of pedestrian-vehicle collisions occurred around each neighborhood school for 2000 through 2004 is measured as an indicator of the safety level of walking environment around schools. A negative binomial regression model is employed for spatial quantitative analysis. The result of spatial analysis indicates that sidewalk density, traffic signal density, cul-de-sac density, the number of fast-food restaurants, the number of parking lots, and the number of residential units are positively associated with pedestrian-vehicle collisions. However, it is found that the number of play grounds, the percentage of single-family housing areas, the percentage of mixed use areas, and average property value have negative association with pedestrian-vehicle collisions. These key findings of this research contribute to better understanding of the gaps in the current knowledge, for safe routes to school, regarding safe walking environment around neighborhood schools by providing new substantive knowledge regarding the significant effects of the physical environment on pedestrian-vehicle collisions.
Safe Routes to School;Pedestrian-Vehicle Collisions;Geographic Information System;
 Cited by
새주소지도를 이용한 초등학생 통학 안전성 평가 방법,이상현;지성운;

대한건축학회논문집:계획계, 2015. vol.31. 4, pp.187-194 crossref(new window)
박승훈, 근린환경이 보행자-차량 충돌사고에 미치는 영향, 국토계획, 49(3), 2014

Boarnet, M. G., Anderson, C. L., Day, K., McMillan, T., and Alfonzo, M., Evaluation of the California Safe Routes to School Legislation, Am J Prev Med, 28, 2005

Bradshaw, R. Scholl children's travel, Geography, 86(1), 2001

Dellinger, A. M. and Staunton, C. E., Barriers to children walking and biking to school-United States, 1999. Morbidity & Mortality Weekly Report, 51(32), 2002

Ewing, R., Schroeer, W., and Greene, W., School location and student travel: analysis of factors affecting mode choice, Transportation Research Record: Journal of the Transportation Research Board, 2004

Folzenlogen, R. Kim, J. J., Kweon, B. S., and Shin, W. H., Children and transportation: identifying environments that foster walking and biking to school. College Station, TX: Southwest Region University Transportation Center and the Texas Transportation Institute, 2007

Fulton, J. E., Shisler, J. L., Yore, M. M., and Casperson, C. J., Active transportation to school: findings from anational survey. Res Q Exerc Sport, 76(3), 2005

Holt, D., Steel, D., Tranmer, M., and Wrigley, N., Aggregation and ecological effects in geographically based data, Geographical Analysis, 28(3), 1996.

Gelman, A. and Hill, J., Data Analysis Using Regression and Multilevel/Hierarchical Models, Cambridge University Press, New York, 2007

Kerr, J., Rogenberg, D. E., Sallis, J. F., Saelens, B. E., Frank, L. D., and Conway, T. L., Active commuting to school: associations with environmental and parental concerns, Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, 38(4), 2006

Leaf, W. A. and Preusser, D. F., Literature review on vehicle travel speeds and pedestrian injuries. DOT HS 809021. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Transportation, 1999

McDonald, N. C., Active transportation to school: trends among U.S. schoolchildren, 1969-2001. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 32(6), 2007

McDonald, N. C., Children's mode choice for the school trip: the role of distance and school location in walking to school. Transportation, 35, 2008

McMillan, T. E., The relative influence of urban form on a child's travel mode to school, Transportation Research 4Part A: Policy and Practice, 41(1), 2007

Moudon, A. V. and Hess, P. M., Pedestrian safety and transit corridors: TRAC/University of Washington, 2003

National Center for Safe Routes to School, SRTS Guide, 2006, Available from

National Center for Safe Routes to School, Safe Routes to School Case Studies From Around the Country, 2010, Available from

Nelson, N. M., Foley, E., O'Gorman, D. J., Moyna, N. M., and Woods, C. B., Active commuting to school: how far is too far. The International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, 5(1), 2008

Schlossberg, M. J. Paulsen, G. P., Johnson, B., and Parker, B., School trips: effects of urban form and distance on travel mode, Journal of American Planning Association, 72(3), 2006

Sirard, J. R., Riner, W. R., McIver, K. L., and Pate, R. R., Physical activity and active commuting to elementary school, Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, 37(12), 2005

Timperio, A., Ball, K., Salmon, J., Roberts, R., Giles-Corti, B., Simmons, D., Baur, L., and Crawfor, D., Personal, family, social, and environmental correlates of active commuting to school, American Journal of Prevention Medicine, 30(1), 2006

Zhu, X. and Lee, C., Walking and Safety Around Elementary Schools, American Journal of Prevention Medicine, 34(4), 2008