JOURNAL BROWSE
Search
Advanced SearchSearch Tips
A Study on the Evacuation Speed Changes According to the Depth of Water
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
A Study on the Evacuation Speed Changes According to the Depth of Water
Lee, Hye-Kyoung; Hong, Won-Hwa; Lee, Youn-Ha;
 
 Abstract
For the last ten years, 270 deaths, 206,509 victims were caused by flooding. In order to reduce the casualties, flooding patterns, prediction of the danger flooded areas, standard of the safe evacuation environment it is important. In addition evacuation routes and shelters does not reflect the characteristics of a natural disaster and measurement capabilities of the refuge person is also not made much yet. The purpose of this study is to provide the standard of the safe evacuation environment through the evacuation simulation experiment to measure change in speed due to the water depth and to analyze speed difference in movement form, physical condition, distance. Evacuation simulation experiment was conducted with 20 people male of 20's-30's. The results was that 1] The speed is decreased as the water depth deepen but not a big difference in the running and walking. 2] The speed is more influenced by exercise capacity than the physical condition. 3] It showed a large speed reduction ratio lower than the deeper depths and running than walking in the speed according to the distance. This experimental data and the results of this study can be used as a basis to set the standard of safe evacuation plan for flood. Ultimately, expected to reduce the loss of life due to flooding.
 Keywords
Flood;Experiment;Evacuation speed;Safe evacuation environment;
 Language
Korean
 Cited by
 References
1.
Choi, G. G. & Jung, G. C. (2011). An Escape Route Selection System based on the Dynamic Flood Information, Journal of safety and crisis management, 7(2), 105-118

2.
Joo, J. S. & Kim, T. H. (2015). An Experimental Study on Evacuation Ability During Underground Space Inundation, Joural of the korean society of Hazard Mitigation, 15(2), 189-196

3.
Jung, H. C., Seok, H. K., & Lee, J. P. (2003). The Effect of Icing Recovery-method on HR, Plasma Iactate concentration and Exercise Performance after 400m Running, The Korea Journal of Sports Science, 12(1), 539-546

4.
Kang, S. H. (2003). Study on Refuge Behavior and Its Critical Inundation Depth in Low Area, Joural of the korean society of civil engineers, B 23(6B), 561-565

5.
Kim, Y. C. (2013). Evaluation of Evacuation Ways and Shelter Arrangement Assuming Inland Water Flooding - The Case Study of Gangnam Ward, Seoul city, in Korea, Hokkaido University

6.
Lee, S. H., Goo, S. H., Chun, Y. W., & Park, Y. J. (2015). The Spatial Location Analysis of Disaster Evacuation Shelter for Considering Resistance of Road Slope and Difference of Walking Speed by Age -Case Study of Seoul, Korea, Journal of the Korean society for geo-spatial information system, 23(2), 69-77

7.
Lee, Y. H., Lee, J. S. & Hong, W. H. (2014). An Anlysis on Effect factor of Weak person's Pedestrian Evacuation during Urban flooding, Journal of Architectural Institute of Korea, 34(1), 167-168

8.
Park, J. K. & Kim, D. M. (2012). analysis of Shelter service Areas According to Walking Speed Using Network Analysis, Journal of the Korean society for geo-spatial information system, 20(4), 37-44

9.
Park, S. J., Lee, J. S., Kang, D. H., Jung, E. H., Jun, H. J. & Park, S. B. (2003). A study on walking speed and stride by age, Journal of the Ergonomics Society of Korea, 11, 430-434

10.
Ishigaki, T., Onishi, Y., Asai, Y., Toda, K., & Shimada, H. (2008). Evacuation criteria during urban flooding in underground space, 11th International Conference on Urban Drainage, Edinburgh, Scotland, UK, 1-7

11.
Tubbs J. S. & Meacham B. J. (2007). Egress Design Solutions : A Guide to Evacuation and Crowd Management Planning John Wikey & sons Inc