JOURNAL BROWSE
Search
Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Defining the Patterns and Factors of Urban Crime in Korean Cities Based on the Analysis of Social Statistical Data
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
  • Journal title : Architectural research
  • Volume 14, Issue 2,  2012, pp.45-56
  • Publisher : Architectural Institute of Korea
  • DOI : 10.5659/AIKAR.2012.14.2.45
 Title & Authors
Defining the Patterns and Factors of Urban Crime in Korean Cities Based on the Analysis of Social Statistical Data
Chang, Dong-Kuk; Shim, Jae-Choon; Park, Joo-Hee;
  PDF(new window)
 Abstract
The high rate of urban crime is a main issue that needs to be dealt with in this high-tech society. With the rapid increase of urban crime, research has mainly focused on topics either on a global or a local scale, such as cities or communities and houses or buildings, without reliable observational data. This study makes the best use of the nationwide surveys carried out by Korean government agencies for the analysis of urban crime patterns and factors in major Korean cities. The aims of this research are threefold: understanding the relationship between urban crime patterns and socio-economic differences in cities, determining the effect of residence types on the urban crime patterns; and uncovering potential influential factors of a crime victim`s individual characteristics. The statistical methods used for the analysis of social statistical data are as follows: simple regression, logistic regression, one-way ANOVA and post-hoc test. This research found that the patterns of urban crime rate in cities have a certain tendency toward the cities` socio-economic and geographical differences. The residence type is an influential factor showing a close relation to the crime rate. Personal issues, such as the types of occupation, education, marriage, etc., are directly relevant to victims of crime.
 Keywords
Urban Crime;Crime Prevention;CPTED;Urban Safety;
 Language
English
 Cited by
 References
1.
Bachman, R. (1994), Violence and theft in the workplace. Crime Data Brief: National Crime Victimization Survey. NCJ-148199. Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics.

2.
Bachman, R. 1994 Violence Against Women: A National Crime Victimization Survey Report . NCJ-145325. Bureau of Justice Statistics, U.S. Department of Justice

3.
Chung, Il-Hoon and Yang, Jin-Seok (2010) A Study on Prevention of Urban Crime Using CPTED, Journal of the Korean Society of Living Environmental System, 17(4), 434-446

4.
Choi, In-Sub, Park, Soon-Jin and Ki, Kwang-Do Crime Victimization Surveys in Korea : Trends Analysis, Research Paper 02-09, Korean Institute of Criminology, 2002.12, 11-157

5.
Choi, In-Sub and Park, Soon-Jin (1991), Crime and Changing Social Structure in Korea, Trends Analysis Research Paper, Korea Institute of Criminology, 91-26 1991.12, page(s): 9-102

6.
Cohen, Lawrence E. and David Cantor. 1981. Residential burglary in the United States: Life-style and demographic factors associated with the probability of victimization, Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency 18 113-127. crossref(new window)

7.
Cohen, Lawrence E. and Marcus Felson. 1979. Social change and crime rate trends: A routine activity approach., American Sociological Review 44:588-608. crossref(new window)

8.
Dae-Seoung Lee and Gang-Hoon Lee, (2009) A Study on the Relationship Between Crime Rates and Characteristics of Urban Areas : Focusing on Demographic and Socio-Economic Factors, Korean Local Government Review, 11(1), Vol. 26, 189-206

9.
Hur, Sun-Young and Moon, Tae-Heon (2010) The Pattern of Crime Occurrence and its Spatial Distribution Characteristics, Journal of Korea Planners Association, 45(5), 237-248

10.
Hur, Sun-Young (2010) The Actual Condition of Crime and U-Crime Prevention System Model Development in Jinju City, Thesis for Master's degree, Graduate School of Geyongsang National University

11.
Hwang, Ji-Tae (2009) Critical Comparison of Official Statistics to Victimization Data: Explaining the Reduction of Victimization Rates, Korean Criminological Review, 20(1), Vol.77, 279-303

12.
Kim, Dong-Kun, Yoon, Young-Jun and Ahn, Kun-Hyuck, (2007) A Study on Urban Crime in Relation to Land Use Patterns. Journal of Korea Planners Association, 42(7), 155-168

13.
Kim, Sang-Il and Lee, Tae-Gu (2010) Empirical Analysis on Influence Factors of Urban Crime, Proceedings of Korea Association for Public Administration Conference, 2010(06), 1653-1674

14.
Lawoko, Stephen, Soares, Joaquim J. F., Nolan, Peter, Violence towards psychiatric staff: a comparison of gender, job and environmental characteristics in England and Sweden, Work & Stress; Jan2004, Vol. 18 Issue 1, p39-55, 17p

15.
Lee, Chang-Ho (2005) A Study on Community-based Crime Prevention, Korean Association of Public Safety and Criminal Justice, 19, 133-174

16.
Park, Hyeon-Ho and Lee, Young-Jea (2008) The Strategy and Prospects of CPTED for Sustainable Urban Development, Journal of Korea Security Science Association, 11(1), 173-193

17.
Park, Seong-Hoon (2011), Assessing the Criminal Opportunities and Neighborhood Effects on Household Victimization. Korean Criminological Review, 22(3), Vol.87 327-357

18.
Park, Soo-Gon and Jung, Pil-Woon (2010) A Critical Analysis of Legislation for Building a Ubiquitous City, Han Yang Law Review, 21(1), 561-584

19.
Yoon, Hyo-Jun (2009) A Study on U'-Service for Security in U-City Newtown Planning, Journal of the Korean Society of Civil Engineers, 29(5), 645-654