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Changes in Urban Planning Policies and Urban Morphologies in Seoul, 1960s to 2000s
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  • Journal title : Architectural research
  • Volume 15, Issue 3,  2013, pp.133-141
  • Publisher : Architectural Institute of Korea
  • DOI : 10.5659/AIKAR.2013.15.3.133
 Title & Authors
Changes in Urban Planning Policies and Urban Morphologies in Seoul, 1960s to 2000s
Kim, Sung Hong;
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 Abstract
The purpose of this paper is to highlight the main policies of the last half century that have shaped the urban architectural fabric of Seoul today, and explore whether a modified approach might better address the current socioeconomic conditions in Korea. The paper defines and examines urban planning in Korea through an overview of the four main urban project policies implemented in Seoul from the 1960s to the present: Land Readjustment (LR), Housing Site Development (HSD), Urban Redevelopment (UR), and Housing Reconstruction (HR). While the fundamental ideology behind these policies served well during a prolonged period of high economic growth, evidence is growing that these policies are losing steam under today`s conditions. A growing legacy of stalled and incomplete urban projects from the mid-2000s-the New Town Project is an example-begs the fundamental question as to whether an alternative urban planning paradigm is needed for Korea in an age of low economic growth, low birth rates and a fossil fuel energy crisis. Through the urban morphologies of the three residential areas in Seoul developed by LR projects, this paper looks at the possibility of urban regeneration through the sustainment of urban architecture in those residential areas that have not been affected by HSD, UR, and HR.
 Keywords
Seoul;Urban Planning Policy;Urban Morphology;Urban Architecture;Urban Project;Urban Regeneration;
 Language
English
 Cited by
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