Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Quantification of Feng-Shui Principles in the Design of Korean Houses
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
  • Journal title : Architectural research
  • Volume 16, Issue 1,  2014, pp.1-8
  • Publisher : Architectural Institute of Korea
  • DOI : 10.5659/AIKAR.2014.16.1.1
 Title & Authors
Quantification of Feng-Shui Principles in the Design of Korean Houses
Chang, Dongkuk; Kim, Kyongwon; Park, Joohee; Kim, Backyong;
  PDF(new window)
Although Feng-Shui has been widely used in architecture and urban design and planning for thousands of years, it has not been properly studied as a scientific and thus rational approach. Feng-Shui has been recognized as an environment-friendly design and planning method in recent years due to its thoughtful consideration on the harmonious relationship between architecture and the natural environment. This study investigates its major principles and techniques that have been widely used in the design of houses through previous relevant researches. Then, the principles and techniques that are relevant to the residential uses are indexed for the quantification of Feng-Shui. Ten Feng-Shui indices are formulated and each index is quantified to make five points for a perfect match. These indices are then tested on three different types of house in Korea, namely traditional Korean houses, contemporary Korean style houses and contemporary architects` houses. The result shows that the first type of house records the highest Feng-Shui points and then the second and third types in that order. This result convinces us that the Feng-Shui indices can very effectively represent the degree of environmentally friendly design.
Space Feng-Shui;Space Syntax;Koreanity;Korean Houses;
 Cited by
한국 주택의 풍수 지표 적용에 관한 연구,장동국;

대한건축학회연합논문집, 2016. vol.18. 1, pp.11-21
Campbell, W. H. (2003). Introduction to geomagnetic fields, 2nd Ed., Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK.

Chang, D. and Shim, J. (2011). "Configurational analysis of contemporary Korean-style houses regarding the expression of their Koreanity." Architectural Research, 13(4), 3-10.

Choi, J. (2002). "An Empirical study on Eco-friendly elements in Feng-Shui theory and their application in design." MSc. Diss., Yonsei Univ., Seoul, South Korea.

Dukes, E. J. (1971). The encyclopedia of religion and ethics, T&T Clark, Edinburgh, UK.

Eun, D. (2001). "A study on the modern application of Feng-Shui." MSc. Diss., Seoul National Univ., Seoul, South Korea.

Ha, M. (2008). "A study on application of Feng-Shui theories to contemporary residential space based on environmentology." MSc. Diss., Konkuk Univ., Seoul, South Korea.

Ha, M. and Ryu, H. (2008). "A study on environmentological issues of Feng-Shui applicable to contemporary residential space." Korean Society of Basic Design & Art, 9(2), 927-935.

Hillier, B. (1996). Space is the machine, Univ. of Cambridge Press, Cambridge, UK.

Huh, J. & Jeong, Y. (2008). "A study on embodiment of Korean tradition of spatial composition of contemporary residence." J. of Korean Housing, 12(3), 21-28.

Hwangbo, A. (2002). "An alternative tradition in architecture: conceptions in Feng Shui and its continuous tradition." J. of Architectural and Planning Research,. 19(2), 110-130.

Joo, K. (2007). "A study on the Feng-Shui and its application to the house." MSc. Diss., Hongik Univ., Seoul, South Korea.

Kim, D. (2000). Architecture and Feng-Shui in everyday life, Housing Culture Pulbisher, Seoul, South Korea.

Kim, M. (2003). "A study on the expression of Korean traditional characteristics in contemporary multihousing planning." Ph.D. Diss., Yonsei Univ, Seoul, South Korea.

Kim, M. (2003). "A Study on the application of the traditional aspect-of-house studies to contemporary residential space planning-focused on the environmental psychological interpretation." MSc. Diss., Konkuk Univ., Seoul, South Korea.

Kim, B. (1999). Rediscovery of Korean architecture, Ideal Architecture Publishing, Pusan, South Korea.

Kim, S. (2010). "A study on symbolic interior space of Yang Teak Feng-Shui." MSc. Diss., Seokyeong Univ., Seoul, South Korea.

Lee, B. (1998). "The Typological Analysis of Space-Composition in the Traditional Korean Architecture." J. of the Architectural Institute of Korea, 14(2), 183-193.

Marafa, L. (2003). "Integrating natural and cultural heritage: the advantage of Feng-Shui landscape resources." Intl' J. of Heritage Studies, 9: Part 4, 307-324. crossref(new window)

March, M. (1968). "An appreciation of Chinese geomancy." J. of Asian Studies, 17(2), 253-267.

Merrill, R. T. (2010). Our magnetic earth: the science of geomagnetism, Univ. of Chicago Press, Chicago, IL.

Montenegro, M. (2003). "Feng-Shui: new dimensions in design." Christian Research Journal, 26(1),

Mulcock, J. (2001). "Creativity and politics in the cultural supermarket: synthesizing indigenous identities for the revolution of spirit." Continuum,. 15(2), 169-185. crossref(new window)

Na, I. (2004). "A Study on the variation of the interior spa-tial structure of apartment house and designed house." MSc. Diss., Seoul National Univ., Seoul, South Korea.

Noh, H. (2000). "A study on the diachronic transition of Korean houses." Ph.D. Diss., Chungang Univ., Seoul, South Korea.

Park, S. (1998). Architecture and Korean Feng-Shui, Il Bit Publisher, Seoul, South Korea.

Ryu, H. (1998). "A Study on the expression of Korean traditional characteristics in contemporary Korean res-idential housing." MSc. Diss., Yonsei Univ., Seoul, South Korea.

Son, J. (2003). An Introduction of Feng-Shui, Shinji Publisher, Seoul, South Korea.

Su-Ju, L. and Jones, P. B. (2000). "House design by surname in Feng- Shui." J. of Architecture, 5(4), 355-367. crossref(new window)

Too, L. (2008). The illustrated encyclopedia of Feng-Shui, Harper Collins Publishers, New York, NY.

Xu, J. (2003). "A framework for site analysis with empha-sis on feng shui and contemporary environmental design principles." Ph.D. Diss., Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, VA.

Xu, P. (1998). "Feng-Shui models structured traditional Beijing courtyard houses." J. of Architectural and Planning Research, 15(4), 271-282.