Advanced SearchSearch Tips
ASEAN Sculpture Garden and Typology of Space: An Evaluative Study of The Park's Failure
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
  • Journal title : Architectural research
  • Volume 16, Issue 2,  2014, pp.37-44
  • Publisher : Architectural Institute of Korea
  • DOI : 10.5659/AIKAR.2014.16.2.37
 Title & Authors
ASEAN Sculpture Garden and Typology of Space: An Evaluative Study of The Park's Failure
Ibrahim, Yuhanis; Yoon, Jiyoung;
  PDF(new window)
Utilizing spaces for awareness could be superficially noble. However, the typology of spaces played an important role in addressing the awareness of translating the messages through tangible forms, which in this context are sculptures. Assuring the efficacy of the typology of the spaces that is compatible with the content is important to ensure its timelessness to the dynamic demographical change of viewers. Therefore, the study proposes an investigation of the efficacy of typology of public urban space; garden that accommodates memorial sculptures. The study intends to analyze the features and flaws of ASEAN Sculpture Garden, as a mediatory role of ASEAN in instilling awareness of unity between ASEAN members to the public. The objective of the study is to analyze the efficacy of the garden to accommodate the rich memorial sculptures. The body of the research is formed by theoretical and case study research. It is projected by three methods; archival research, semi structured interviews and site documentation; direct observations and site visit. The qualitative data then will be analysed using Actor Network theory, keyword coding and site findings. Findings showed that as the main objective of the garden is to exhibit the sculptures, it could be summed up that it has failed to meet the apparent intention based on the site analysis conducted by the researcher. The typology of the space should be able to communicate the project's aims continuously rather than serving the function temporarily. The variables, which are space and time factors are debatable, as the neighboring tourist spot, National Monument residing the wide square managed to attract public attention due to its great efficacy of typological space regardless the time factor. As a conclusion, the typology of space is a huge factor to ensure the park's success.
Typology;Public Space;ASEAN Garden;Sculpture;Memorial;
 Cited by
Carr, S., Francis, M., Rivlin, L. G., Stone A. M., (1992). Public Space. United Kingdom, UK: Cambridge University Press.

Carmona, M. (2010). Public places, urban spaces: the dimensions of urban design. Routledge.

Czarniawska, B., & Hernes, T. (2005). Actor-network theory and organizing. Copenhagen: CBS Press.

Gooding, M. (1998). Public: Art: Space. London: Merrell Holberton Publishers.

Ibrahim, P. H., Dali, M. M., & Yusoff, S. Y. M. (2013). Implementation of Open Space: The Need for Uniform Policy. Journal of Sustainable Development, 6(7), p16.

Latour, B. (2005). Reassembling The Social An Introduction To Actor-Network-Theory. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Lefebvre, H. (1991). The production of space (Donald Nicholson-Smith, trans)., Oxford : Blackwell Publishing. (Originally published 1974)

Mohamed Yuran N. S., (2006). Condition of outdoor sculptures in ASEAN sculpture garden Kuala Lumpur: A conservation study/Nora Sofia Mohamed Yuran (Doctoral dissertation, Universiti Teknologi Mara).

National Art Gallery, (1987) Fifth ASEAN Square Sculpture Symposium Catalogue. (2002/0000928) Kuala Lumpur, KL:Malaysia National Archive.

Sandalack, B. A., & Uribe, F. G. A. (2010) "Open Space Typology as a Framework for Design of the Public Realm" in The Faces of Urbanized Space: 35-74

Stanley, B. W., Stark, B. L., Johnston, K. L., & Smith, M. E. (2012). Urban open spaces in historical perspective: A transdisciplinary typology and analysis. Urban Geography, 33(8), 1089-1117. crossref(new window)

Stephens, J. (2007). Memory, Commemoration And The Meaning Of A Suburban War Memorial. Journal of Material Culture, 12(3), 241-261. crossref(new window)

Sturken, M. (1991). The wall, the screen, and the image: The Vietnam Veterans Memorial. Representations, 118-142.

Tuan, Y. F., & Hoelscher, S. (2001). Space And Place: The Perspective Of Experience. Minneapolis, MN: University of Minnesota Press.

Umbanhowar, E. (2012). The Linking Form, Function and Meaning of Public Art. Public Art, 2, 011.

Waldheim, C. (2006). The Landscape Urbanism Reader. New York, NY: Princeton Architectural Press.

Woudstra, J., & Fieldhouse, K. (2000). The Regeneration Of Public Parks. London: E & FN Spon Press.

Ziemkendorf, M. (2008). Actor-Network Theory. Norderstedt Germany: GRIN Verlag.