Study on enhancement of evaporating heat transfer in narrow horizontal annular crevices

Title & Authors
Study on enhancement of evaporating heat transfer in narrow horizontal annular crevices
Bae, Sang-Cheol; Kim, Jong-Su;

Abstract
This study is intend to improve flow pattern within evaporator, which is low quality and low mass flux, by installing narrow horizontal annular crevice so that enhance heat transfer coefficient. The motive, which made to study heat transfer enhancement by using narrow annular crevice, came from capillary phenomena and pumping force of generating vapor on refrigerant boiling. Tests were run about 5 models of turbulence promoter with CFC-12, in the range of evaporating temperature (15.deg. C), mass flux (50 to 100 kg/m$\small{\^}$2/s), heat flux (3.4 to 6.7 kW/m$\small{\^}$2/), quality (0.1 to O.5). It is observed that flow pattern within evaporator is changed closely to semi-annular flow or annular flow, of which refrigerant liquid is reached to the upper side of tube by using narrow annular crevice. When the narrow annular crevice is installed in the evaporator tube, local heat transfer coefficient is generally more improved than that of smooth tube. That fact is according to observed result of flow pattern. It is learned that narrow annular crevice has more efficiency at a low mass flux. At the TP-5, enhancement of heat transfer rate is about 170% compare to that of smooth tube on a low mass flux (50 kg/m$\small{\^}$2/s), and it is about 134% on a high mass flux (100 kg/M$\small{\^}$2/S), so that we know that it is on a very high condition.
Keywords
Narrow Annular Crevice;Capillary Phenomena;Bubble Pumping Force;Flow Regimes;Turbulence Promoter;
Language
Korean
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