A study on the deformation of a bubble and a drop in a uniform electric field

- Journal title : Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers B
- Volume 20, Issue 6, 1996, pp.2023-2035
- Publisher : The Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers
- DOI : 10.22634/KSME-B.1996.20.6.2023

Title & Authors

A study on the deformation of a bubble and a drop in a uniform electric field

Gwon, Yeong-Cheol; Kim, Mu-Hwan; Gang, In-Seok; Cho, Hae-Jung; Kim, Suk-Joon;

Gwon, Yeong-Cheol; Kim, Mu-Hwan; Gang, In-Seok; Cho, Hae-Jung; Kim, Suk-Joon;

Abstract

In the present study, the characteristics of the electrical deformation of a bubble and a drop under a uniform electric field have been investigated to understand EHD heat transfer enhancement by an electric field. The deformation of the bubble and the drop have been studied theoretically using an electric normal stress acting on their interfaces and assured by the numerical analysis and the experiment. From the variation of bubble volume and free energy, it is found that a bubble is compressed in an electric field and free energy had larger value with increasing W and the permittivity of a dielectric fluid. The electric normal stress induced on the interface of the bubble and the drop is different. Because of the surface charge induced at the drop interface, the electric normal stress acting on the drop is much larger than that of the bubble. The drop is, therefore, deformed much more than the bubble. In addition, the experimental and numerical results show that the aspect ratio and the contact angle of the bubble increase with increasing W.

Keywords

electrohydrodynamics;Bubble;Drop;Uniform;Electric Field;Deformation;

Language

Korean

Cited by

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