Publisher : The Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers
DOI : 10.22634/KSME-B.19188.8.131.521
Title & Authors
Experimental study on the discharge coefficients and cavitation of conical orifices Kim, Byeong-Chan; Yun, Byeong-Ok; Park, Bok-Chun; Jo, Nam-O; Ji, Dae-seong; Jeong, Baek-Sun; Park, Gyeong-Am;
The high pressure drop is frequently required in the by-pass line of the pump or of the heat exchanger in power plants. However, cavitation produced by a high pressure drop could damage the pipe and pump blades. Conical orifices are adopted to reduce cavitation due to high pressure drop. The discharge coefficients of conical orifice plates were measured by weighing method in the standard water flow system. The discharge coefficients were larger when the ratios of thickness of orifice edge to throat diameter were larger. The noise generated from a conical orifice due to cavitation was measured with a sound level meter and a hydrophone. With increasing the bore diameter of the orifice, the sound pressure level or the noise level due to cavitation became higher. The noise level was suddenly increased at the inception of cavitation.