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Numerical Study of Compression Waves Propagating Through Porous Walls
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 Title & Authors
Numerical Study of Compression Waves Propagating Through Porous Walls
Kim, Hui-Dong; Setoguchi, Toshiaki;
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When a high-speed railway train enters a tunnel, a compression wave is generated ahead of the train and propagates through the tunnel, compressing and accelerating the rest air in front of the wave. At the exit of the tunnel, an impulsive wave is emitted outward toward the surrounding, which causes a positive impulsive noise like a kind of sonic boom produced by a supersonic aircraft. With the advent of high-speed train, such an impulsive noise can be large enough to cause the noise problem, unless some attempts are made to alleviate its pressure levels. In the purpose of the impulsive noise reduction, the present study calculated the effect of porous walls on the compression wave propagating into a model tunnel. Two-dimensional unsteady compressible equations were differenced by using a Piecewise Linear Method. Calculation results show that the cavity/porous wall system is very effective for a compression wave with a large nonlinear effect. The porosity of 30% is most effective for the reduction of the maximum pressure gradient of the compression wave front. The present calculation results are in a good agreement with experimental ones obtained previously.
Compressible Flow;Compression Wave;High-Speed Railway;Impulsive Noise;Shock Tube;Shock Wave;Passive Control;Porous Wall;
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