Publisher : The Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers
DOI : 10.22634/KSME-B.19126.96.36.1992
Title & Authors
Analysis of cooling phenomenon of water with the supercooled Chu, Mi-Seon; Yun, Jeong-In; Kim, Jae-Dol; Kamata, Yoshinobu; Kato, Toyofumi;
Ice formation in a horizontal circular cylinder has been studied numerically. From the numerical analysis results, it was found that there were three types of freezing pattern and that freezing phenomenon was affected largely by density inversion and cooling rate. The type of freezing pattern largely depends on the secondary flow which is generated by density inversion. When supercooling energy is released before the development of the secondary flow, the annular ice layer grows. If the energy is released when the secondary flow is considerably developed and the supercooled region is removed to the upper half part of the cylinder, an asymmetric ice layer grows. And if the energy is released after perfect development of the secondary flow, instantaneous dendritic ice formation over the full region occurs. Furthermore, this secondary flow was found to have an effect on heat transfer characteristics. The heat transfer rate becomes small at the instant when the secondary flow is generated, but becomes large with the development of the flow. It's concluded that for the facilitation of heat transfer it is desirable to keep water in liquid phase until the secondary flow is perfectly developed. This study gave an instruction of performance improvement of capsule type ice storage tank.