A study on flow characteristics of laminar oscillatory flows in a square-sectional curved duct

- Journal title : Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers B
- Volume 22, Issue 2, 1998, pp.139-152
- Publisher : The Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers
- DOI : 10.22634/KSME-B.1998.22.2.139

Title & Authors

A study on flow characteristics of laminar oscillatory flows in a square-sectional curved duct

Park, Gil-Mun; Jo, Byeong-Gi; Bong, Tae-Geun;

Park, Gil-Mun; Jo, Byeong-Gi; Bong, Tae-Geun;

Abstract

In the present study, the flow characteristics of developing laminar oscillatory flows in a square -sectional 180 deg. curved duct are investigated experimentally. The experimental study using air in a square-sectional 180 deg. curved duct is carried out to measure velocity distributions with a data acquisition and LDV (Laser Doppler Velocimetry) processing system. In this system, Rotating Machinery Resolver (RMR) and PHASE program are used to obtain the results of unsteady flows. The major flow characteristics of developing oscillatory flows are found by analyzing velocity curves, mean velocity profiles, time-averaged velocity distribution of secondary flow, wall shear stress distributions, and entrance lengths. In a lower dimensionless angular frequency, the axial velocity distribution of laminar oscillatory flow in a curved duct shows a convex shape in a central part and axial symmetry. The maximum value of wall shear stress in a lower dimensionless angular frequency is located in an outside wall, but according to increasing the dimensionless angular frequency, the maximum of wall shear stress is moved to inner wall. The entrance lengths of laminar oscillatory flows in a square-sectional 180 deg. curved duct is obtained to 90 deg. of bended angle of duct in this experimental conditions.

Keywords

Unsteady Flow;Velocity Distribution;Laminar Oscillatory Flow;Secondary Flow;Wall Shear Stress Distribution;

Language

Korean