Numerical analysis of NOx formation characteristics in CH$\small{_{4}}$-air jet diffusion flame

Title & Authors
Numerical analysis of NOx formation characteristics in CH$\small{_{4}}$-air jet diffusion flame
O, Chang-Bo; Lee, Chang-Eon;

Abstract
Numerical analysis was performed with multicomponent transport properties and detailed reaction mechanisms for axisymmetric 2-D CH$\small{_{4}}$ jet diffusion flame. Calculations were carried out twice with the $\small{C_{2}}$-Thermal Mechanism including $\small{C_{2}}$ and thermal NO reactions and the $\small{C_{2}}$-Full Mechanism including prompt NO reactions in addition to the above $\small{C_{2}}$-Thermal NO mechanism. The results show that the flame structures such as flame temperature, major and minor species concentration are indifferent to respective mechanisms. The production path of Thermal NO is dominant comparing with that of Prompt NO in total NO production of pure CH$\small{_{4}}$ jet diffusion flame. This is because thermal NO mechanism mainly contributes to positive formation of NO in the whole flame region, but Prompt NO mechanism contributes to negative formation in the fuel rich region. In addition, 0$\small{_{2}}$ penetration near the nozzle outlet affects the flame structures, especially N0$\small{_{2}}$ formation characteristics.
Keywords
CH$\small{_4}$;Jet Diffusion Flame;NOx;Detailed Reaction Mechanism;Thermal NO Mechanism;Prompt NO Mechanism;
Language
Korean
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