Experimental study of turbulent flow in a U-bend of circular cross-section

Title & Authors
Experimental study of turbulent flow in a U-bend of circular cross-section
Lee, Geon-Hwi;

Abstract
Hot-wire measurement of the longitudinal and radial velocity components and Reynolds stresses are reported for developing turbulent flow in a strongly curved 180 deg. pipe and its tangents. Slanted wire is rotated to 6 directions and the voltage outputs of them are combined to obtain the mean velocities and Reynolds stresses. Significant double maxima in the longitudinal velocity component appear in the bend. V-profiles reveal the development of a strong secondary flow. This secondary flow is induced by the transverse pressure gradient set up between the outer(r$\small{\sub}$o/) and inner(r$\small{\sub}$i/) wall region of the bend. Another second cross-stream flow develops after .theta.=135 deg. and its direction is opposed to that of main second flow.
Keywords
Language
Korean
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