Flow and Heat Transfer Characteristics in a Slot Film Cooling with Various Flow Inlet Conditions

Title & Authors
Flow and Heat Transfer Characteristics in a Slot Film Cooling with Various Flow Inlet Conditions
Ham, Jin-Ki; Cho, Hyung-Hee;

Abstract
An experimental investigation is conducted to improve a slot film cooling system which can be used for the cooling of gas turbine combustor liner. The tangential slots are constructed of discrete holes with different injection types which are the parallel, vertical, and combined to the slot lip. The investigation is focused on the coolant supply systems of normal-, parallel-, and counter-flow paths to the mainstream direction. A naphthalene sublimation technique has been employed to measure the local heat/mass transfer coefficients in a slot with various injection types and coolant feeding directions. The velocity distributions at the exit of slot lip for the parallel and vertical injection types are fairly uniform with mild periodical patterns with respect to the hole positions. However, the combined injection type increases the nonuniformity of flow distribution with the period equaling twice that of hole-to-hole pitch due to splitting and merging of the ejected flows. The secondary flow at the lip exit has uniform velocity distributions for the parallel and vertical injection types, which are similar to the results of a two-dimensional slot injection. In the results of local heat/mass transfer coefficient, the best cooling performance inside the slot is obtained with the vertical injection type among the three different injection types due to the effect of jet impingement. The lateral distributions of Sh with the parallel- and counter-flow paths are more uniform than the normal flow path. The averaged Sh with the injection holes are $\small{2{\sim}5}$ times higher than that of a smooth two-dimensional slot path
Keywords
Slot Film Cooling;Gas Turbine;Combustor Liner;Heat Transfer;Naphthalene Sublimation Method;
Language
Korean
Cited by
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