Discharge Characteristics of Rotating Orifices with Length-to-Diameter Ratios and Inlet Corner Radii

- Journal title : Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers B
- Volume 24, Issue 7, 2000, pp.957-966
- Publisher : The Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers
- DOI : 10.22634/KSME-B.2000.24.7.957

Title & Authors

Discharge Characteristics of Rotating Orifices with Length-to-Diameter Ratios and Inlet Corner Radii

Ha, Kyoung-Pyo; Kang, Se-Won; Kauh, Sang-Ken;

Ha, Kyoung-Pyo; Kang, Se-Won; Kauh, Sang-Ken;

Abstract

The effect of rotation on the discharge coefficient of orifices with various length-to-diameter ratios and two different inlet corner radii was studied. Length-to-diameter ratios of the orifices range from 0.2 to 10, while the inlet shapes are square edged, or round edges of radius-to-diameter ratio of 0.5. From the experiment, we found that rotational discharge coefficient and Rotation number, when based on ideal exit velocity of the orifice considering momentum transfer from the rotor, describe the effect of rotation very well. In this study, the discharge coefficients of rotating orifices are shown to behave similar to those of the well-known non-rotating orifices. For both rotating and non-rotating orifices, the discharge coefficients increase with the length-to-diameter ratio until a maximum is reached. The flow reattachments in the relatively short orifices are responsible for the increase. The coefficient then decreases with the length-to-diameter ratio due to the friction loss along the orifice bore. The length-to-diameter ratio that yields maximum discharge coefficient, however, increases with the Rotation number because the increased flow-approaching angle requires larger length-to-diameter ratio for complete reattachment. The length-to-diameter ratio for complete reattachment is shorter for round edged orifices than that of square edged orifices by about a unit length-to-diameter ratio.

Keywords

Discharge Coefficient;Rotating Orifice;Rotation Number;Length-to-diameter Ratio;Corner Radius;

Language

Korean

Cited by

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