Publisher : The Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers
DOI : 10.3795/KSME-B.2016.40.7.435
Title & Authors
Effects of the Temporal Increase Rate of Reynolds Number on Turbulent Channel Flows Jung, Seo Yoon; Kim, Kyoungyoun;
Effects of the increase rate of Reynold number on near-wall turbulent structures are investigated by performing direct numerical simulations of transient turbulent channel flows. The simulations were started with the fully-developed turbulent channel flow at , then temporal accelerations were applied. During the acceleration, the Reynolds number, based on the channel width and the bulk mean velocity, increased almost linearly from 5600 to 13600. To elucidate the effects of flow acceleration rates on near-wall turbulence, a wide range of durations for acceleration were selected. Various turbulent statistics and instantaneous flow fields revealed that the rapid increase of flow rate invoked bypass-transition like phenomena in the transient flow. By contrast, the flow evolved progressively and the bypass transition did not clearly occur during mild flow acceleration. The present study suggests that the transition to the new turbulent regime in transient channel flow is mainly affected by the flow acceleration rate, not by the ratio of the final and initial Reynolds numbers.