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Effects of Adolescents' Cultural Disposition and Self-Conscious Emotion on Empathy According to Gender and Age
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  • Journal title : Family and Environment Research
  • Volume 53, Issue 5,  2015, pp.581-594
  • Publisher : The Korean Home Economics Association
  • DOI : 10.6115/fer.2015.046
 Title & Authors
Effects of Adolescents' Cultural Disposition and Self-Conscious Emotion on Empathy According to Gender and Age
Han, Sae-Young;
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 Abstract
This paper analyzes the effects of adolescents' cultural disposition and self-conscious emotion on empathy according to gender and age. Data were collected from self-report questionnaires for 385 adolescents in Chungbuk province. The major results of the study were as follow: First, adolescents who perceived high collectivism showed a high ability on perspective taking. Additionally, girls who had high guilt showed a high ability on perspective taking. Sixth graders who had high guilt and low shame and eleventh graders who had high pride showed high ability on perspective taking. Second, boys who perceived high collectivism and guilt, and girls with high individualism, low shame, and high guilt showed a high ability towards fantasy. Sixth graders who had high individualism and guilt and low shame, eighth graders with high guilt and eleventh graders with high individualism, collectivism and guilt showed high ability towards fantasy. Third, adolescents with high collectivism showed high ability on empathic concern. Additionally, boys, girls, and eleventh graders with low shame and high guilt, and sixth graders with low shame showed a high level of empathic concern. Fourth, all adolescents with high guilt showed a high level of personal distress. Additionally, eighth graders with low individualism and eleventh graders with low pride showed a high level of personal distress. In conclusion, the significant relationships among cultural disposition, self-conscious emotion, and empathy are different for gender and age groups. Implications for future studies are provided.
 Keywords
cultural disposition;self-conscious emotion;empathy;
 Language
Korean
 Cited by
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