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Moderating Effects of Friendship on the Association between Withdrawal Loneliness and Social Anxiety
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  • Journal title : Family and Environment Research
  • Volume 53, Issue 6,  2015, pp.667-675
  • Publisher : The Korean Home Economics Association
  • DOI : 10.6115/fer.2015.053
 Title & Authors
Moderating Effects of Friendship on the Association between Withdrawal Loneliness and Social Anxiety
Shin, Yoolim;
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This study investigated the moderating effects of the number of friends and quality of friendship on the associations between withdrawal and loneliness as well as withdrawal and social anxiety. The subjects were 678 of fifth and sixth grade primary school children recruited from a public school in Bucheon city. A peer nomination inventory was used to assess withdrawal. Children were given a classroom roster and asked to nominate three classmates who fit each description. Children reported the quality of their friendships using the Friendship Quality Scale. Each child was asked to indicate his or her one best friend and rate how accurately a sentence describe done of their best friends on the scale. In addition, children completed questionnaires to assess the loneliness and social anxiety. The results revealed that the association between withdrawal and loneliness was not significant for children who had the large number of friends and high quality friendship. The association between withdrawal and social anxiety was stronger for the children who had the lower levels of friendship quality. However, there was no moderating effect of the number of friends on the association between withdrawal and social anxiety. These results imply that the large number of friends and high quality friendships could be protective factors for children who are withdrawn.
withdrawal;loneliness;social anxiety;friendship;
 Cited by
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