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Developing an Accident Model for Rural Signalized Intersections Using a Random Parameter Negative Binomial Method
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 Title & Authors
Developing an Accident Model for Rural Signalized Intersections Using a Random Parameter Negative Binomial Method
PARK, Min Ho; LEE, Dongmin;
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This study dealt with developing an accident model for rural signalized intersections with random parameter negative binomial method. The limitation of previous count models(especially, Poisson/Negative Binomial model) is not to explain the integrated variations in terms of time and the distinctive characters a specific point/segment has. This drawback of the traditional count models results in the underestimation of the standard error(t-value inflation) of the derived coefficient and finally affects the low-reliability of the whole model. To solve this problem, this study improves the limitation of traditional count models by suggesting the use of random parameter which takes account of heterogeneity of each point/segment. Through the analyses, it was found that the increase of traffic flow and pedestrian facilities on minor streets had positive effects on the increase of traffic accidents. Left turning lanes and median on major streets reduced the number of accidents. The analysis results show that the random parameter modeling is an effective method for investigating the influence on traffic accident from road geometries. However, this study could not analyze the effects of sequential changes of driving conditions including geometries and safety facilities.
accident analysis;heterogeneity;marginal effect;random parameter negative binomial;rural intersection;
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