JOURNAL BROWSE
Search
Advanced SearchSearch Tips
An Improved LOS Analysis Method for Pedestrian Walkways Using Pedestrian Space
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
An Improved LOS Analysis Method for Pedestrian Walkways Using Pedestrian Space
JUN, Sung Uk; SON, Yonug Tae;
  PDF(new window)
 Abstract
This study describes an improved model for estimating pedestrian LOS (Level of Service) by utilizing the space occupied by pedestrians. The method introduced the concept of conflict along the bi-directional pedestrian flow which enables calculating conflict area and average travel time in walking. Especially, the method incorporates the idea of generalized density concept which can consider effective walking area and pedestrian flow rates that might vary during the analysis period. After establishing methodology, adjustments of pedestrian LOS criteria in term of walking space occupied by pedestrians were performed. As a result, walking-occupied space at capacity level is 0.68 and corresponding pedestrian flow rate was calculated as 80 persons/min/m, while different pedestrian-occupied spaces were ordered to classify LOS at the points where the gradient changes. Furthermore, the statistical verification of service levels has shown that there is significant difference among all LOS categories at 5% significance level.
 Keywords
pedestrian capacity;pedestrian LOS;pedestrian space;pedestrian walkway;generalized traffic characteristics;
 Language
Korean
 Cited by
 References
1.
Adolf M. (1991), Traffic Flow Fundamentals, Prentice Hall.

2.
Blue V.J., Adler J.L. (2001), Cellular Automata Microsimulation for Modeling Bi-directional Pedestrian Walkways, Transportation Research Part B 35, 293-312. crossref(new window)

3.
Daganzo C.F. (2007), Fundamentals of Transportation and Traffic Operations, Lighting Source Inc.

4.
Fruin J. (1971), Pedestrian Planning and Design, Metropolitan Association of Urban Designers and Environmental Planners.

5.
Fruin John J. (1971), Pedestrian Planning and Design, Metropolitan Association of Urban Designers and Environmental Planners, New York, N.Y.

6.
Kim K.-W. (1999), Evaluation Criteria of the Walkway Level-of-Service in Korea, J. Korean Soc. Transp., 17(3), Korean Society of Transportation, 31-46.

7.
Kim S.-M. (2012), The Study on the Level of Service Standard Evaluation With the Walkway Through the Pedestrian Conflicting Analysis, Seoul City University Graduate School Master's Thesis.

8.
Korea Ministry of Land (2013), Infrastructure, and Transport, Korea High-way Capacity Manual 2013.

9.
Lee J.-W. (2005), Study on The Pedestrian Traffic-Flow Characteristics and Its Applications, Yeungnam University, Master's Thesis.

10.
Lee S.-H. (2012), Improvement of Analysis Method for Pedestrian LOS on Sidewalk in Seoul, J. Korean Soc. Transp., 30(3), Korean Society of Transportation, 7-15.

11.
Lee W.-C., Yang J.-Y., Lee S.-Y. (2013), A Study on the Improvement Method of Level of Service Analysis for Pedestrian Sidewalks, Proceedings of the KOR-KST Conference/ver.69, 221-225.

12.
Lim J.-S., Oh Y.-T. (2002), Estimation of Pedestrian Capacity for Walkway, J. Korean Soc. Transp., 20(1), Korean Society of Transportation, 91-99.

13.
Pushkarev Zupan (1977), Urban Space for Pedestrians, Cambridge.

14.
Transportation Research Board (1985), Highway Capacity Manual.

15.
Transportation Research Board (2000), Highway Capacity Manual.