JOURNAL BROWSE
Search
Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Improvement of Anodic Performance by Using CTP Binder Containg Nickel
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
Improvement of Anodic Performance by Using CTP Binder Containg Nickel
Yoon, Hyung-Sun; Song, Young-Chae; Choi, Tae-Seon;
  PDF(new window)
 Abstract
The composite anodes of expanded graphite (EG) and multiwall carbon nanotube (MWCNT) for microbial fuel cells were fabricated by using coal tar pitch (CTP) binder containing nickel (Ni), and the effect of the anodes with the binders on the performance of the MFCs were examined in a batch reactor. During the start-up of the MFCs, quick increase in voltage was observed after a short lag phase time, indicating that the CTP binder is biocompatible. The biomass attatched on the anode surface was more at higher Ni content in the binder, as well as at smaller amount of CTP binder for the fabrication of the anode. The internal resistance of the MFC was smaller for the anode with more biomass. Based on the results, the ideal combination of CTP and Ni for the CTP binder for anode was 2 g and 0.2 g, respectively. The maximum power density was , which was higher 23.7% than the anode with Nafion binder as control. The CTP binder containing Ni for the fabrication of anode is a good alternative in terms of performance and economics of MFCs.
 Keywords
Coal Tar Pitch;Nickel;Anode Binder;Microbial Fuel Cells;
 Language
Korean
 Cited by
1.
음식물쓰레기의 생물전기화학 혐기성소화에 대한 유기물부하율의 영향,윤형선;송영채;

한국폐기물자원순환학회지, 2016. vol.33. 6, pp.527-536 crossref(new window)
1.
Evaluation of Biogas Production Rate by using Various Electrodes Materials in a Combined Anaerobic Digester and Microbial Electrochemical Technology (MET), Journal of Korean Society Environmental Engineers, 2017, 39, 2, 82  crossref(new windwow)
2.
Effect of Electrode Configuration on the Substrate Degradation in Microbial Fuel Cells, Journal of Korean Society Environmental Engineers, 2017, 39, 8, 489  crossref(new windwow)
 References
1.
Song, Y. C., Choi, T. S., Woo, J. H., Yoo, K., Chung, J. W., Lee, C. Y. and Kim, B., "Effect of the oxygen reduction catalyst loading method on the performance of air breathable cathodes for microbial fuel cells," J. Appl. Electrochem., 42, 391-398(2012). crossref(new window)

2.
Song, Y. C., Kim, D. S. and Woo, J. H., "Effect of epoxy Mixed with Nafion solution as an anode Binder on the performance of microbial fuel cell," J. Korean Soc. Environ. Eng., 36(1), 1-6(2014). crossref(new window)

3.
Logan, B. E., Hamelers, B., Rozendal, R., Schroder, U., Keller, J., Freguia, S., Aelterman, P., Verstraete, W. and Rabaey, K., "Microbial fuel cells: methodology and technology," Environ. Sci. Technol., 40, 5181-5192(2006). crossref(new window)

4.
Rabaey, K., Boon, N., Siciliano, S. D., Verhaege, M. and Verstraete, W., "Biofuel Cells Select for Microbial Consortia That Self-Mediate Electron Transfer," Appl. Environ. Microbiol., 70, 5373-5382(2004). crossref(new window)

5.
Logan, B., Cheng, S., Watson, V. and Estadt, G., "Graphite Fiber Brush Anodes for Increased Power Production in Air-Cathode Microbial Fuel Cells," Environ. Sci. Technol., 41, 3341-3346(2007). crossref(new window)

6.
Villano, M., Scardala, S., Aulenta, F. and Majone, M., "Carbon and nitrogen removal and enhanced methane production in a microbial electrolysis cell," Bioresour. Technol., 130, 366-371(2013). crossref(new window)

7.
Wang, A., Liu, W., Cheng, S., Xing, D., Zhou, J. and Logan, B. E., "Source of methane and methods to control its formation in single chamber microbial electrolysis cells," Int. J. Hydro. Energy, 34, 3653-3658(2009). crossref(new window)

8.
Wang, X., Feng, Y., Liu, J., Shi, X., Lee, H., Li, N. and Ren, N., "Power generation using adjustable Nafion/PTFE mixed binders in air-cathode microbial fuel cells," Biosens. Bioelectron., 26, 946-948(2010). crossref(new window)

9.
Han, Y.-J., Kim, J., Yeo, J.-S., An, J. C., Hong, I.-P., Nakabayashi, K., Miyawaki, J., Jung, J.-D. and Yoon, S.-H., "Coating of graphite anode with coal tar pitch as an effective precursor for enhancing the rate performance in Li-ion batteries: Effects of composition and softening points of coal tar pitch," Carbon, 94, 432-438(2015). crossref(new window)

10.
Liu, X., Du, X., Wang, X., Li, N., Xu, P. and Ding, Y., "Improved microbial fuel cell performance by encapsulating microbial cells with a nickel-coated sponge," Biosens. Bioelectron., 41, 848-851(2013). crossref(new window)

11.
Wang, K., Liu, Y., Chen, S., "Improved microbial electrocatalysis with neutral red immobilized electrode," J. Power Sour., 196, 164-168(2011). crossref(new window)

12.
Huang, J., Zhu, N., Yang, T., Zhang, T., Wu, P. and Dang, Z., "Nickel oxide and carbon nanotube composite (NiO/CNT) as a novel cathode non-precious metal catalyst in microbial fuel cells," Biosens. Bioelectron., 72, 332-339(2015). crossref(new window)