Advanced SearchSearch Tips
A Study on the Biological Treatment of RO Concentrate Using Aerobic Granular Sludge
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
A Study on the Biological Treatment of RO Concentrate Using Aerobic Granular Sludge
Kim, Hyun Gu; Ahn, Dae Hee; Cho, Eun Ha; Kim, Han Yong; Ye, Hyoung Young; Mun, Jung Soo;
  PDF(new window)
The purpose of this study is to efficiently improve biological sequencing batch reactor (SBR) system of high-concentrated nitrate nitrogen in reverse osmosis (RO) concentrates by total dissolved solids (TDS) regulation. Since a laboratory-scale SBR system had been operated, we had analyzed specific denitrification rate (SDNR) and specific oxygen uptake rate (SOUR) for microbial activity in according to various injection concentration of TDS. As a result, higher injection concentration of TDS decreased SDNR, and delayed denitrification within denitrification process. Moreover, the higher injection concentration of TDS was, the lower microbial activity was during operation of laboratory-scale SBR system. Therefore, the regulation of TDS injection concentration is necessary to improve efficiency of nitrate nitrogen in the biological SBR system, and treatment of calcium ion () is also specifically focused to remove nitrate nitrogen. Moreover, analytical data of SDNR and SOUR can be the effective kinetic design parameters to application of biological treatment of RO concentrate by aerobic granular sludge (AGS).
Aerobic Granular Sludge;Nitrate;RO Concentrate;Sequencing Batch Reactor;
 Cited by
Hong, K. W., Lee, S. Y., Kim, C. W., Boo, C. H., Park, M. G., An, H. C. and Hong, S. K., "Evaluation of RO process feasibility and membrane fouling for wastewater reuse," J. Korean Soc. Water Qual., 26(2), 289-296(2010).

Kim, I. W. and Joo, H. J., "A study on application of SBR process for RO retentate treatment," J. Korean Soc. Environ. Eng., 34(2), 79-85(2012). crossref(new window)

Kim, H. G., "A study on the effects of $Ca^{2+}$ on biological nitrogen removal in RO concentrate and adsorption treatment," Doctor Dissertation, Kyonggi University(2015).

Chung, E. S., Jun, S. M., Lee, J. H. and Ahn, J. H., "A study on evaluation and prioritization process of wastewater reuse alternative in watershed level," J. Korean Soc. Water Environ., 29(2), 259-269(2013).

Guo, T. and Englehardt, J. D., "Principles for scaling of distributed direct potable water reuse systems: A modeling study," Water Res., 75, 146-163(2015). crossref(new window)

Lee, D. H., "Development of MBR system for the treatment of RO concentrate from wastewater reuse process," Master Dissertation, Myongji University(2013).

Rhee, H. P., Yoon, C. G., Jung, K. W. and Son, J. W., "Microbial risk assessment in reclaimed wastewater irrigation on a paddy field," J. Korean Soc. Water Qual., 25(1), 69-75(2009).

Kwon, T. O. and Moon, I. S., "Quantitative and qualitative assessment of blow down wastewater from yeosu industrial complex," J. Korean Soc. Water Qual., 21(3), 289-296(2005).

Lee, G. Y., Kim, J. C., Lim, J. H., Lee, J. W., Park, J. M., Lee, S. H., Nam, J. K. and Lee, Y. W., "Study of inorganic photocatalyst media for reused wastewater," J. Korean Soc. Water Environ., 31(1), 42-48(2015). crossref(new window)

Ministry of Environment (ME), "Master Plan for Water Reuse," ME, Korea(2011).

Gogate, P. R. and Pandit, A. B., "A review of imperative technologies for wastewater treatment I: Oxidation technologies at ambient conditions," Adv. Environ. Res., 8(3-4), 501-551 (2004). crossref(new window)

Westerhoff, P., Moon, H., Minakata, D. and Crittenden, J., "Oxidation of organics in retentates from reverse osmosis wastewater reuse facilities," Water Res., 43(16), 3992-3998 (2009). crossref(new window)

Bellona, C., Drewes, J. E., Xu, P. and Amy, G., "Factors affecting the rejection of organic solutes during NF/RO treatment- A literature review, Water Res., 38(12), 2795-2809 (2004). crossref(new window)

Dialynas, E., Mantzavinos, D. and Diamadopoulos, E., "Advanced treatment of the reverse osmosis concentrate produced during reclamation of municipal wastewater," Water Res., 42(18), 4603-4608(2008). crossref(new window)

Radjenovic, J., Bagastyo, A., Rozendal, R. A., Mu, Y., Keller, J. and Rabaey, K., "Electrochemical oxidation of trace organic contaminants in reverse osmosis concentrate using $RuO_2$/$IrO_2$-coated titanium anodes," Water Res., 45(4), 1579-1586(2011). crossref(new window)

Zhou, T., Lim, T. T., Chin, S. S. and Fane, A. G., "Treatment of organics in reverse osmosis concentrate from a municipal wastewater reclamation plant: Feasibility test of advanced oxidation processes with/without pre-treatment," Chem. Eng. J., 166(3), 932-939(2011). crossref(new window)

Choi, J. S., "Effects of non-oxidizing biocides (NOBs) and total dissolved solids (TDS) on biological treatment of reverse osmosis membrane process concentrate," Doctor Dissertation, Kyonggi University(2014).

Ersever, I., Ravindran, V., Tsai, H. H. and Pirbazari, M., "Modeling and design of anaerobic fluidized bed reactor with recycling for denitrification of reverse osmosis concentrates," Chem. Eng. Sci., 108, 111-122(2014). crossref(new window)

Kim, Y. K. and Kang, S. H., "Evaluation of the effect of high salinity RO concentrate on the microbial acclimation/ cultivation characteristics in biological wastewater treatment process," J. Environ. Impact Assess., 21(5), 707-713(2012).

Bathe, S., Mohan, T. V. K,, Wuertz, S. and Hausner M., "Bioaugmentation of a sequencing batch biofilm reactor by horizontal gene transfer," Water Sci. Technol., 49(11-12), 337-344(2004).

Wuertz, S., Okabe, S. and Hausner, M., "Microbial communities and their interactions in biofilm systems: An overview," Water Sci. Technol., 49(11-12), 327-336(2004).

Fernandez-Nava, Y., Maranon, E., Soons, J. and Castrillon L., "Denitrification of wastewater containing high nitrate and calcium concentrations," Bioresource Technol., 99(17), 7976-7981(2008). crossref(new window)

Ha, J. I., "Fluoride, calcium ion and ionic strength effects on activated sludge denitrification of concentrated nitrate wastewater," Master Dissertation, Chungang University(2001).

Kim, S. J., Choi, Y. S. and Bae, W. K., "Application of SBR process to treat pickling wastewater including the high nitrate and $Ca^{2+}$," J. Korean Soc. Water Qual., 22(2), 215- 221(2006).

Lee, K. H., "The study of optimum plan and operational characteristic for the field application of $A^2$/O process in the high-way service area," Doctor Dissertation, Kyonggi University(2010).

Choi, J. S., Joo, H. J. and Jin, O. S., "Effects on microbial activity and substrate removal in industrial wastewater with fluoride content," J. Korean Soc. Water Environ., 28(5), 717- 722(2012).

American Public Health Association (APHA)., Standard Methods for the Examination of Water and Wastewater, 21st Ed., APHA, Washington D.C. USA(2005).

Soap and Detergent Association, Principles and Practice of Nutrient Removal from Municipal Wastewater, SDA, Washington D.C. USA(1988).

Lee, Y. P., "Study on effective denitrification of RO concentrated water using aerobic granular sludge," Master Dissertation, Myongji University(2014).

Kim, I. W., "Characteristics of biological treatment for RO retentate of low saline water," Doctor Dissertation, Dongguk University(2013).

Abu-ghararah, Z. H. and Sherrard, J. H., "Biological nutrient removal in high salinity wastewaters," J. Environ. Sci. Heal., 28(3), 599-613(1993). crossref(new window)

Panswad, T. and Anan, C., "Specific oxygen, ammonia, and nitrate uptake rates of a biological nutrient removal process treating elevated salinity wastewater," Bioresour. Technol., 70(3), 237-243(1999). crossref(new window)

Belkin, S., Brenner, A. and Abeliovich, A., "Biological treatment of a high salinity chemical industrial wastewater," Water Sci. Technol., 27(7-8), 105-112(1993).

Moon, M. H., "A study of the salt concentration of chemical plant wastewater in activated sludge process," Master Dissertation, Chonbuk University(2008).

Smythe, G., Matelli, G., Bradford, M. and Rocha, C., "Biological treatment of salty wastewater," Environ. Prog. Sustain. Energy, 16(3), 179-183(1997).

Adav, S. S. and Lee, D. J., "Physiological characterization and interactions of isolates in phenol-degrading aerobic granules," Appl. Microbiol. Biot., 78(5), 899-905(2008). crossref(new window)

Jiang, H. L., Tay, J. H. and Tay, S. T. L., "Aggregation of immobilized activated sludge cells into aerobically grown microbial granules for the aerobic biodegradation of phenol," Lett. Appl. Microbiol., 35, 439-445(2002). crossref(new window)

Oh, J. I., Ha, J. I., Shim, H. Y. and Yoon, S. M., "Calcium ion and ionic strength effects on activated sludge denitrification of concentrated nitrate wastewater," J. Korean Soc. Environ. Eng., 24(3), 509-520(2002).

Keiding, K. and Nielsen, P. H., "Desorption of organic macromolecules from activated sludge: Effect of ionic composition," Water Res., 31(7), 1665-1672(1997). crossref(new window)

Wilen, B. M., Keiding, K. and Nielsen, P. H., "Anaerobic deflocculation and aerobic reflocculation of activated sludge," Water Res., 34(16), 3933-3942(2000). crossref(new window)

Zita, A. and Hermansson M., "Effects of ionic strength on bacterial adhesion and stability of flocs in a wastewater activated sludge system," Appl. Environ. Microb., 60(9), 3041-3048(1994).

Bruus, J. H., Nielsen, P. H. and Keiding, K., "On the stability of activated sludge flocs with implications to dewatering," Water Res., 26(12), 1597-1604(1992). crossref(new window)

Urbain, V., Block, J. C. and Manem, J., "Bioflocculation in activated sludge: An analytic approach," Water Res., 27(5), 829-838(1993). crossref(new window)

Park, S. J. and Lee, S. H., "A study on the biological treatment of acid pickling wastewater containing a high concentration of nitrate nitrogen," J. Korean Soc. Water Environ., 31(3), 253-261(2015). crossref(new window)

Ong, S. A., Toorisaka, E., Hirata, M. and Hano, T., "Effects of Nickel(II) Addition on the activity of activated sludge microorganisms and activated sludge process," J. Hazard. Mater., 113(1-3), 111-121(2004). crossref(new window)

Park, J. B., Park, S. K., Hur, H. W. and Kang, H., "Development of submerged membrane bioreactor for biological nutrient removal on municipal wastewater and analyzing the effect of chemical cleaning on microbial activity," J. Korean Soc. Water Qual., 25(1), 120-124(2009).

Kim, S. C., "A study on the SOUR with temperature and SRT variation for designing the aerator in biological wastewater treatment process," Doctor Dissertation, Kyonggi University(2007).

Choi, J. S., Lee, K. H., Joo, H. J. and Kim, S. C., "The relationship of specific phosphorus release / uptake rate and specific oxygen uptake rate considering the sludge retention time in the A/O Process," J. Korean Soc. Water Qual., 26 (3), 468-473(2010).

Choi, J. S. and Joo, H. J., "Study on change of microbial activity and removal efficiency of phosphorus with alum injection in the biological process," J. Korean Soc. Water Qual., 27(2), 188-193(2011).

Han S. W., Chun, M. H., Park, J. M., Kang, D. H. and Kang, L. S., "Effect of microbial activity by using the coagulants in the biological treatment process," J. Korean Soc. Environ. Eng., 34(1), 16-22(2012). crossref(new window)

Kapoor, V., Elk, M., Li, X., Impellitteri, C. A. and Domingo, J. W. S., "Effects of Cr(III) and Cr(VI) on nitrification inhibition as determined by SOUR, function-specific gene expression and 16S rRNA sequence analysis of wastewater nitrifying enrichments," Chemosphere, 147, 361-367(2016). crossref(new window)