Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Impact Analysis of Wind Power on Power System Reliability with Electric Vehicles
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
Impact Analysis of Wind Power on Power System Reliability with Electric Vehicles
Kim, Dam; Park, Hyeongon; Kwon, Hungyu; Park, Jong-Keun;
  PDF(new window)
An increasing number of electric vehicles (EVs) in power system affects its reliability in various aspects. Especially under high EV penetration level, new generating units are required to satisfy system`s adequacy criterion. Wind power generation is expected to take the major portion of the new units due to environmental and economic issues. In this paper, the system reliability is analyzed using Loss of Load Expectation (LOLE) and Expected Energy Not Served (EENS) under each and both cases of increasing wind power generation and EVs. A probabilistic multi-state modeling method of wind turbine generator under various power output for adequate reliability evaluation is presented as well. EVs are modeled as loads under charging algorithm with Time-Of-Use (TOU) rates in order to incorporate EVs into hour-to-hour yearly load curve. With the expected load curve, the impact of EVs on the system adequacy is analyzed. Simulations show the reliability evaluation of increasing wind power capacity and number of EVs. With this method, system operator becomes capable of measuring appropriate wind power capacity to meet system reliability standard.
Wind power;Electric vehicle;Reliability;
 Cited by
Ministry of Education and Science Technology, "Trend analysis of nuclear policy direction in various countries after the Fukushima nuclear disaster," Jan. 2013. [Online]. Available:

UK Wind Energy Database (UKWED), [Online]. Available:

A. Zervos, C. Lins and J. Muth, "RE-thinking 2050: a 100% renewable energy vision for the European Union," EREC, 2010.

J.G. Slootweg and W.L. Kling, "The impact of large scale wind power generation on power system oscillation," Electric Power Systems Research, vol.67, no. 1, pp. 9-20, Oct. 2003. crossref(new window)

B. Parsons, M. Milligan, B. Zavadil, D. Brooks, B. Kirby, K. Dragoon and J. Caldwell, "Grid Impacts of Wind Power: A Summary of Recent Studies in the United States," Wind Energy, vol. 7, no.2, pp. 87-108, Jun. 2004. crossref(new window)

Electric Vehicles Initiative and International Energy Agency, "Global EV Outlook 2015"

Jaeseok Chio, "Power System Reliability Evaluation Engineering," pp. 149-151, 403-421, 2012.

R. Karki, P. Hu, and R. Billinton, "A Simplified Wind Power Generation Model for Reliability Evaluation," IEEE Trans. on Energy Conversion, vol. 21, no. 2, pp. 533-540, Jun. 2006. crossref(new window)

L. Wu, J. Park, J. Choi, A.A. El-Keib, M. Shahidehpour and R. Billinton, "Probabilistic Reliability Evaluation of Power Systems Including Wind Turbine Generators Using a Simplified Multi-State Model: A Case Study," IEEE PES conf., Calgary, Canada, Jul. 2009

K. Conradsen, L. B. Nielsen and L.P. Prahm, "Review of Weibull Statistic for Estimation of Wind Speed Distributions," Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology, vol. 23, no. 8, Aug. 1984.

J. V. Seguro and T. W. Lambert, "Modern estimation of the parameters of the Weibull wind speed distribution for wind energy analysis," Journal of Wind Engineering and Industrial Aerodynamics, vol, 85, no. 1, pp. 75-84, Mar. 2000. crossref(new window)

Ji-Seon Byun, Byung-Gul Lee, Sang-Yeol Park, "A Study on Weibull Probability Density Function for Wind Speed Application in Dea-Jung, Jeju Island," Korean Society for Geospatial Information System Conf., pp. 199-202, 2014. 5.

K. Clement-Nyns, E. Haesen and J. Driesen, "The Impact of Charging Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles on a Residential Distribution Grid," IEEE Trans. on Power Systems, vol. 25, no. 1, pp. 371-380, Feb. 2010. crossref(new window)

D. Kim, T.H. Yoo, D.H. Kwon, K.B. Kwon and J.K. Park, "Evaluation of the Impact of Time-of-Use Rates on Load Curve with Electric Vehicles Penetration in Korea," ISGC&E conf., Jeju, Korea. Jul. 2013.

W. Kempton and J. Tomic, "Vehicle-to-grid fundamentals: Calculating capacity and net revenue," Journal of Power Sources, vol. 14, no. 1, pp. 268-279, Jun. 2005.

Traffic Monitoring System, Korea Institute of Construction Technology (KICT), [Online]. Available:

C. Grigg and P. Wong, "The IEEE Reliability Test System-1996," IEEE Trans. on Power Systems, vol. 14, no. 3, August 1999.

U. S. Energy Information Administration, "Annual Energy Outlook 2014 with projections to 2040," April 2014.

Tesla Model S specs, [Online]. Available:

National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, Traffic Records, [Online]. Available: