Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Operating Method of BESS for Providing AGC Frequency Control Service Considering Its Availability Maximization
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
Operating Method of BESS for Providing AGC Frequency Control Service Considering Its Availability Maximization
Choi, Woo Yeong; Yu, Ga Ram; Kook, Kyung Soo;
  PDF(new window)
Battery energy storage system(BESS) attract the attention of the power system operators with its fast response to a disturbance in spite of its limited energy capacity. This paper proposes the operating method of BESS for following the Automatic Generation Control(AGC) frequency control which is centrally distributed by a system operator. As BESS needs to just meet the control requirement from the system operator, it should be able to properly manage the state of charge(SOC) of BESS to be available to control signal. For doing these, the proposed method distributes the control requirement to available batteries in proportion to its SOC. In addition, unavailable batteries are controlled to recover the SOC to an appropriate range, and the recovering power is supplied by available batteries meeting the control requirement. Moreover, the proposed method manages the efficiency of power conversion system (PCS) by limiting the number of PCS to be assigned for the low control requirement. Finally, the case studies are carried out to verify the effectiveness of proposed strategy.
Battery Energy Storage System(BESS);Automatic Generation Control(AGC);Load Frequency Control(LFC);Control strategy;
 Cited by
A.G. Ter-Gazarian, "Energy Storage for Power Systems," The Institution of Engineering and Technology, 2011

"K-ESS 2020," Ministry of Trade, Industry and Energy, May, 2011

"ESS plan for frequency regulation in 2015," KEPCO, May, 2015

Shuaixun Chen, Tian Zhang, H. B. Gooi, Ralph D. Masiello, and Warren Katzenstein, "Penetration Rate and Effectiveness Studies of Aggregated BESS for Frequency Regulation," IEEE Transactions On Smart Grid, Vol. 7, No. 1, Jan. 2016

Hongyan Piao, Shifeng Chen, Haichao Lv, and Haoming Liu, "Control Strategy of Battery Energy Storage System to Participate in the Second Frequency Regulation," Smart Electric Distribution Systems and Technologies (EDST) International Symposium on, Sept. 2015

Yunzhi Cheng, Mehriar Tabrizi, Mandhir Sahni, Alfredo Povedano, and David Nichols, "Dynamic Available AGC Based Approach for Enhancing Utility Scale Energy Storage Performance," IEEE Transactions On Smart Grid, Vol. 5, No. 2, Mar. 2014

Bolun Xu, Alexandre Oudalov, Jan Poland Andreas Ulbig and Goran Andersson, "BESS Control Strategies for Participating in Grid Frequency Regulation," Preprints of the 19th World Congress The International Federation of Automatic Control Cape Town, South Africa, 2014

Atsushi Hashimoto, Akihiko Yokoyama, "A New Control Strategy of Multiple Sets of Battery Energy Storage System for Load Frequency Control in Power System with Massive Integration of Renewable Energy Resources," IEEE Power Systems Computation Conference (PSCC), 2014

"Operating criteria for ancillary service," KPX, May, 2015

"PJM Manual 12 : Balancing Operations," PJM, Aug. 2014

D.-I. Stroe et al., "Degradation Behaviour of Lithium-Ion Batteries based on Field Measured Frequency Regulation Mission Profile," Energy Conversion Congress and Exposition (ECCE), 2015 IEEE, in press.

"Analysis of battery lifespan depend on DOD," Samsung SDI, 2013

"Sandia National laboratories, Sandia national laboratories inverter database," Sandia National laboratories, 2014.[Online]. Available: