JOURNAL BROWSE
Search
Advanced SearchSearch Tips
A Study on the Integrated-Optical Electric-Field Sensor utilizing Ti:LiNbO3 Y-fed Balanced-Bridge Mach-Zehnder Interferometric Modulators
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
A Study on the Integrated-Optical Electric-Field Sensor utilizing Ti:LiNbO3 Y-fed Balanced-Bridge Mach-Zehnder Interferometric Modulators
Jung, Hongsik;
  PDF(new window)
 Abstract
We have demonstrated a electro-optic electric-field sensors utilizing a Y-fed balanced-bridge Mach-Zehnder interferometric (YBB-MZI) modulator which uses a 3-dB directional coupler at the output and dipole patch antenna. The operation and design were proved by the BPM simulation. A dc switching voltage of ~16.6 V and an extinction ratio of ~14.7 dB are observed at a wavelength of . For a 20 dBm rf power, the minimum detectable electric-fields are ~1.12 V/m and ~3.3 V/m corresponding to a dynamic range of about ~22 dB and ~18 dB at frequencies 10 MHz and 50 MHz, respectively. The sensors exhibit almost linear response for the applied electric-field intensity from 0.29 V/m to 29.8 V/m.
 Keywords
electric-field sensor;Y-fed Balanced-Bridge Mach-Zehnder interferometer(YBB-MZI);electrooptic effect; channel optical waveguide;integrated-optic device;
 Language
Korean
 Cited by
 References
1.
N. Kuwabara, K. Tajima, R. Kobayashi, and F. Amemiya, "Development and analysis of electric field sensor using $LiNbO_3$ optical modulator," IEEE Trans. Electromagn. Compat. 34(4), pp. 391-396, April 1992. crossref(new window)

2.
Rong Zeng, Bo Wang, Ben Niu, and Zhanqing Yu, "Development and Application of Integrated Optical Sensors for Intense E-field Measurement," Sensors, Vol. 12, No. 8, pp. 11406-11434 , August 2012. crossref(new window)

3.
H. S. Jung, "Photonic Electric-Field Sensor Utilizing an Asymmetric $Ti:LiNbO_3$ Mach- Zehnder Interferometer with a Dipole Antenna," Fiber and Integrated Optics, Vol. 31, No. 6, pp. 343-354, June 2012. crossref(new window)

4.
T. H. Lee, F. T. Hwang, W. T. Shay, and C. T. Lee, "Electromagnetc Field Sensor Using Mach-Zehnder Waveguide Modulator," Microwave and Optical Technol. Lett. 48(9), pp. 1897-1899, September 2006. crossref(new window)

5.
D. H. Naghski, J. T. Boyd, H. E. Jackson, S. Sriram, S. A. Kingsley, and J. Latess, "An Integrated Photonic Mach-Zehnder Interferometer with No Electrodes for Sensing Electric Fields," J. Lightwave Technol., 12, No. 6, pp. 1092-1098, June 1994. crossref(new window)

6.
D. An, Z. Shi, L. Sun, J. M. Taboada, Q. Zhou, and X. Lu, "Polymeric electro-optic modulator based on 1$\times$2 Y-fed directional coupler," Appl. Phys. Lett., 76(15), pp. 98-104, April 2000.

7.
H. S. Jung, "Eletcro-optic electric-field sensors utilizing $Ti:LiNbO_3\;1{\times}2$ directional coupler with dipole antennas," Optical Engineering, Vol. 52, No. 6, pp. 064402, June 2013. crossref(new window)

8.
M. M. Howerton, C. H. Bulmer, and W. K. Burns, "Linear 1$\times$2 directional coupler for electromagnetic field detection," Appl. Phys. Lett., 52(22), pp. 1850-1852, April 1988. crossref(new window)

9.
Rong Zeng, Bo Wang, Zhanqing Yu, Ben Niu, and Yong Hua, "Integrated optical E-field sensor based on balanced Mach-Zehnder inferometer," Optical Engineering, Vol. 50, No. 11, pp. 114404, November 2011. crossref(new window)

10.
Ruey-Ching Twu, "Zn-Diffused 1$\times$2 Balanced-Bridge Optical Switch in a Y-cut Lithium Niobate," IEEE Photonics Tech. Lett., Vol. 19, No. 16, pp. 1269-1271, August 2007. crossref(new window)

11.
Hongsik Jung, "Integrtaed-Optic Electric-Field Sensor Utilizing a $Ti:LiNbO_3$ Y-fed Balanced- Bridge Mach-Zehnder Interferometric Modulator With a Segmented Dipole Antenna," J. Optical Society of Korea, Vol. 18, No. 6, pp. 739-745, December 2014. crossref(new window)

12.
H. Nishihara, M. Haruna, and T. Suhara, Optical Integrated Circuits, McGraw-Hill Book Company, New York, Chapter 5, 1985.

13.
Optiwave, OptiBPM 9.0: Waveguide Optics Design Software.

14.
Bao Sun, et al, "Integrated Optical Electric Field sensor from 10 kHz to 18 GHz," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett., Vol 24, No. 13, pp. 1106-1108, July 2012. crossref(new window)