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Characteristic and Measurement Technology of Inner Welding Residual Stresses in Thick Steel Structures
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  • Journal title : Journal of Welding and Joining
  • Volume 34, Issue 2,  2016, pp.16-21
  • Publisher : The Korean Welding and Joining Society
  • DOI : 10.5781/JWJ.2016.34.2.16
 Title & Authors
Characteristic and Measurement Technology of Inner Welding Residual Stresses in Thick Steel Structures
Park, Jeong-ung; An, Gyu-baek; Woo, Wanchuck;
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Recent keywords of the heavy industries are large-scale structure and productivity. Especially, the sizes of the commercial vessels and the offshore structures have been gradually increased to deliver goods and explore or produce oil and natural gas in the Arctic. High heat input welding processes such as electro gas welding (EGW) have been widely used for welding thick steel plates with flux-cored arc welding (FCAW), especially in the shipbuilding industries. Because high heat input welding may cause the detrimental effects on the fracture toughness of the welded joint and the heat affected zone, it is essential to obtain the sufficient toughness of welded joint. There are well known that the fracture toughness like CTOD, CVN, and KIC were very important factors in order to secure the safety of the structures. Furthermore, the welding residual stress should be considered to estimate the unstable fracture in both EGW and FCAW. However, there are no references on the welding residual stress distribution of EGW and FCAW with thick steel plates. Therefore the welding residual stresses were very important elements to evaluate the safety of the welded structure. Based on the measurement results, the characteristics of residual stress distribution through thickness were compared between one-pass electron gas welding and multi-pass flux-cored arc welding. The longitudinal residual stress in the multi-pass flux-cored arc welding is tensile through all thicknesses in the welding fusion zone. Meanwhile, longitudinal residual stress of EGW is tensile on both surfaces and compressive at the inside of the plate. The magnitude of residual stresses by electron gas welding is lower than that by flux-cored arc welding.
Welding residual stress;Thick steel plate;Heat input;Fracture toughness;
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