Advanced SearchSearch Tips
An Analysis on the Two Processes of Social Comparison and Self-Comparison
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
  • Journal title : Journal of Digital Convergence
  • Volume 14, Issue 3,  2016, pp.445-452
  • Publisher : The Society of Digital Policy and Management
  • DOI : 10.14400/JDC.2016.14.3.445
 Title & Authors
An Analysis on the Two Processes of Social Comparison and Self-Comparison
Kang, Hye-Ja;
  PDF(new window)
The purposes of this study were to examine the two processes of social comparison and self-comparison, and to suggest the applications of social comparison theories and self-comparison theories. For these purposes, social comparison theory, self-evaluation maintenance model, control theory, self-discrepancy theory, regulatory focus theory, and temporal comparison theory were reviewed. The processes of social comparison and self-comparison are different, but both comparisons are similar in that they have some effects on self-evaluation, emotion, motivation and behaviors. Suggestions on education, health, economic justice and interpersonal relationships were discussed.
social comparison;self-evaluation maintenance;self comparison;control theory;self-discrepancy;regulatory focus;temporal comparison;
 Cited by
초등학생의 역량에 대한 평가유형과 공격성 간의 관계,윤현경;최명구;

디지털융복합연구, 2016. vol.14. 7, pp.485-496 crossref(new window)
Festinger, L. A. "A theory of social comparison process. Human Relations", No. 7, pp. 117-140, 1954. crossref(new window)

Schachter, S. "The psychology of affiliation. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press", 1959.

Wood, J. V. "Theory and research concerning social comparison of personal attributes. Psychological Bulletin", No. 106, pp. 231-248, 1989. crossref(new window)

Collins, R. L. "Among the better ones: upward assimilation in social comparison. In J. Suls and L. Wheeler (eds), Handbook of social comparison: theory and research", pp. 159-171, New York: Kluwer Academic/Plenum, 2000.

Tesser, A, "Toward a self-evaluation maintenance model of social behavior. In L. Berkowitz(Ed.), Advances in experimental social psychology", Vol. 21, pp. 181-227. San Diego, CA: Academic Press, 1988. crossref(new window)

D. S. Hong, "Social psychology, Yangyounggak: Seoul", 1994.

D. W. Han, "Psychology of human motivation. Pakyoungsa: Seoul", pp. 335-336, 2004.

Carver, C. S., & Scheier, M. F. " Origins and functions of positive and negative affect: A control-process view. Psychological Review", Vol. 97, No. 1, pp. 19-35, 1990. crossref(new window)

Higgins, E. T. "Self-discrepancy: A theory relating self and affect. Psychological Review", No. 94, pp. 319-340, 1987. crossref(new window)

Higgins, E. T. "Self-discrepancy theory: What patterns of self-beliefs cause people to suffer? In L. Berkowitz(Ed.), Advances in experimental social psychology", Vol. 22, pp. 93-136, NY: Academic Press, 1989. crossref(new window)

H. J. Kang, "Effects of self-discrepancy, discrepancy reduction expectancy and attribution on emotion, Ph.D. dissertation", Sungkyunkwan University, 1998.

Tangney, J. P., Niedenthal, P. M., Covert, M. V., & Barlow, D. H. "Are shame and guilt related to distinct self-discrepancy? A test of Higgins's(1987) hypotheses. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology", Vol. 75, No. 1, pp. 256-268. 1998. crossref(new window)

Higgins, E. T. "When do self-discrepancies have specific relations to emotions? The second generation question of Tangney, Niedenthal, Covert, and Barlow, Journal of Personality and Social Psychology", Vol. 77, No. 6, pp. 1313-1317, 1999. crossref(new window)

Higgins, E. T. "Promotion and prevention: regulatory focus as a motivational principle. In M. Zanna(Ed.), Advances in experimental social psychology" Vol. 30, pp. 1-46, NY: Academic Press, 1998. crossref(new window)

Higgins, E. T., Shah, J., & Freidman, R. "Emotional responses to goal attainment: Strength of regulatory focus as moderator. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology", No. 72, pp. 515-52, 1997. crossref(new window)

Higgins, E. T. & Kruglanski, A. W. "Motivational science: Social and personality perspectives. MI: An Arbor", 2000.

H. J. Kang, "Self-discrepancy and regulatory focus, social science studies: Jeonbuk National University", Vol. 33, No. 2, pp. 169-187, 2009.

Allbert, S. "Temporal comparison theory, American Psychological Association", Vol. 84, No. 6, pp. 485-503, 1977.

Wilson, A. & Ross, M. "The frequency of temporal-self and social comparisons in people's personal appraisals, Journal of Personality and Social Psychology", Vol. 78, No. 5, pp. 928-942, 2000. crossref(new window)

Kanten, A. B. & Teigen, K. H. "Better than average and better with time: Relative evaluations of self and others in the past, present and future, European Journal of Social Psychology", No. 38, pp. 343-353, 2008. crossref(new window)

Brown, R. "The underestimated role of temporal comparison: A test of the life-span model, Journal of Social Psychology", Vol. 136, No. 3, pp. 325-331, 1996. crossref(new window)

Suls, J. & Wheeler, L. "Social comparison theory, Handbook of theories of social psychology", pp. 460-482, 2012.