JOURNAL BROWSE
Search
Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Convergence of Fluid Dynamics and Computer Simulation for the Internal Investigation of Fuel Cell
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
  • Journal title : Journal of Digital Convergence
  • Volume 14, Issue 6,  2016, pp.245-251
  • Publisher : The Society of Digital Policy and Management
  • DOI : 10.14400/JDC.2016.14.6.245
 Title & Authors
Convergence of Fluid Dynamics and Computer Simulation for the Internal Investigation of Fuel Cell
Kim, Se Hyun;
  PDF(new window)
 Abstract
A numerical model is developed to predict distributions of current density and temperature. Also the complete fuel cell performances were compared. In this study the effect of flow field design and flow direction on current density and temperature distribution as well as full cell performance. The complete three-dimensional Navier-Stokes equations were solved with convergence of electro-chemical reactions terms. In this paper, the two different flow field design were simulated, straight channel and rectangular serpentine flow channel, which is commonly used. The effect of flow direction, co-flow and counter-flow, was also analyzed. The current density and temperature is higher with abundant oxygen not fuel. Also, temperature distribution was able to be drawn by using computer simulation. In this paper, the relationship among flow pattern, flow field design and current denstity distribution.
 Keywords
Fuel Cell;Fluid Mechanics;Computational Fluid Dynamics;Convergence;Flow Field Design;
 Language
Korean
 Cited by
 References
1.
W. K. Lee, C. Ho, J. W. Van Zee and M. Murthy, "The effects of compression and gas diffusion layers on the performance of a PEM fuel cell", J. of Power Sources, Vol. 84, pp. 45-51, 1999. crossref(new window)

2.
S-h. Kim, S. Shimpalee and J. W. Van Zee, "The effect of stoichiometry on dynamic behavior of a PEM fuel cell during load change", J. of Power Sources, Vol. 135, pp. 110-121, 2004. crossref(new window)

3.
S-h. Kim, S. Shimpalee and J. W. Van Zee, "The effect of reservoir and fuel dilution on the dynamic behavior of a PEM fuel cell", J. of Power Sources, Vol. 137, pp. 43-52, 2004. crossref(new window)

4.
S-h. Kim, S. Shimpalee and J. W. Van Zee, "The effect of flow field design and coltage range on the dynamic behavior of a PEMFC", J. of Electrochem. Soc., Vol. 152, pp. A1265-A1271, 2005. crossref(new window)

5.
S. Kiattamrong, Angkee Sripakagorn, "Effects of the Geometry of the Air Flowfield on the Performance of an Open-Cathode PEMFC - Transient Load Operation", Energy Procedia, Vol. 79, pp. 612-619, 2015. crossref(new window)

6.
B. Kim, D. Cha and Y. Kim, "The effects of air stoichiometry and air excess ratio on the transient response of a PEMFC under load change conditions", Applied Energy, Vol. 138, pp. 143-149, 2015. crossref(new window)

7.
J. Shan, R. Lin, S. Xia, D. Liu and Q. Zhang, "Local resolved investigation of PEMFC performance degradation mechanism during dynamic driving cycle", Int. J Hyd. Energy, Vol. 41, No. 7, pp. 4239-4250, 2016. crossref(new window)

8.
J. Shan, R. Lin, S. Xia, D. Liu and Q. Zhang, "Local resolved investigation of PEMFC performance degradation mechanism during dynamic driving cycle", Int. J Hyd. Energy, Vol. 41, No. 7, pp. 4239-4250, 2016. crossref(new window)

9.
S. M. Chang and H. S. Chu, "Transient behavior of a PEMFC", J. of Power Sources, Vol. 161, No 2, pp. 1161-1168, 2006. crossref(new window)

10.
Q. S., M. Hou, X. Yan, D. Liang, Z. Zang, L. Hao, Z. Shao, Z. Hou, P. Ming, B. Yi, "The voltage characteristics of proton exchange membrane fuel cell (PEMFC) under steady and transient states", J. of Power Sources, Vol. 179, No 1, pp. 292-296, 2008. crossref(new window)

11.
T. V. Reshetenkoa, G. Bender, K. Bethunea, R. Rocheleau, "A segmented cell approach for studying the effects of serpentine flow field parameters on PEMFC current distribution", Electrochim. Acta, Vol. 88, pp. 571-579, 2013. crossref(new window)

12.
T.V. Nguyen, R.E. White, "A water and heat management models for PEMFC", J. Electrochem. Soc. Vol. 140, pp. 2178-2186, 1993. crossref(new window)

13.
T. F. Fuller, J. Newman, "Water and thermal management in solid polymer electrolyte fuel cells", J. Electrochem. Soc., Vol. 140 pp. 1218-1225, 1993. crossref(new window)

14.
S. Shimpalee, D. Dutta, W. K. Lee and J. W. Van Zee, "Effect of humidity on PEM fuel cell performance Part II: Numerical Simulation", Proc. of ASME IMECE, Nashville, TN HTD 364-1, pp. 367-364, 1999.

15.
S. Dutta, S. Shimpalee and J. W. Van Zee, "Threedimensional numerical simulation of straight channel PEM fuel cells", J. Appl. Electrochem., Vol.135 pp. 30-46. 2000.

16.
K.-Y. Chung and S. Kim, "Optimization of fuel processing unit of fuel cell system using six-sigma technique", J. Digital Policy & Management, Vol. 10, No. 2, pp. 225-229. 2012.

17.
S. Kim, "Performance Analysis of PEMFC Using Computational Flow Dynamics (CFD)", J. Digital Policy & Management, Vol.11 No. 8, pp. 199-204. 2013.