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Effects of Orthographic Knowledge and Phonological Awareness on Visual Word Decoding and Encoding in Children Aged 5-8 Years
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  • Journal title : Journal of Digital Convergence
  • Volume 14, Issue 6,  2016, pp.535-546
  • Publisher : The Society of Digital Policy and Management
  • DOI : 10.14400/JDC.2016.14.6.535
 Title & Authors
Effects of Orthographic Knowledge and Phonological Awareness on Visual Word Decoding and Encoding in Children Aged 5-8 Years
Na, Ye-Ju; Ha, Ji-Wan;
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This study examined the relation among orthographic knowledge, phonological awareness, and visual word decoding and encoding abilities. Children aged 5 to 8 years took letter knowledge test, phoneme-grapheme correspondence test, orthographic representation test(regular word and irregular word representation), phonological awareness test(word, syllable and phoneme awareness), word decoding test(regular word and irregular word reading) and word encoding test(regular word and irregular word dictation). The performances of all tasks were significantly different among groups, and there were positive correlations among the tasks. In the word decoding and encoding tests, the variables with the most predictive power were the letter knowledge ability and the orthographic representation ability. It was found that orthographic knowledge more influenced visual word decoding and encoding skills than phonological awareness at these ages.
Orthographic Knowledge;Phonological awareness;Visual word decoding;Visual word encoding;Regular word;Irregular word;
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