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Comparison of Solid Waste Management System between Beijing and Seoul
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 Title & Authors
Comparison of Solid Waste Management System between Beijing and Seoul
Yoo, Kee-Young;
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Beijing and Seoul are the capital of China and Korea, and political, economic, cultural, and tourist centers as well. Beijing is most likely to follow the footsteps of Seoul in the process of urbanization. The purpose of this study is to find out differences and improvements by comparing the solid waste management system between Beijing and Seoul. China classifies waste into urban waste, industrial waste and hazardous waste, which is the same as Korea did in 1980s. Beijing`s policy directions in the waste management is similar to Seoul`s in the early 1990s when Seoul strived to construct incinerators and landfill. Beijing`s waste management achievements are also similar to Seoul`s in that the ratio of recycling and incineration is high and that of landfill is low. Hence, it is expected for the waste management policies and achievement of two cities to resemble more and more. Financial burdens of government, indifference of citizens, and decentralized organizations of waste management might be the issues for Beijing to solve. In particular, to implement the user fee system and to encourage citizens to participate in waste separation discharge appear to be key issues in Beijing. Seoul should take a look at which the Beijing government itself collects waste in station and central area.
Beijing;Seoul;comparison;waste management;waste management;policy direction;achievement;organization;finance;
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