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Cadmium Exposure and Potential Health Risk from Foods in Contaminated Area, Thailand
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  • Journal title : Toxicological Research
  • Volume 32, Issue 1,  2016, pp.65-72
  • Publisher : The Korean Society of Toxicology
  • DOI : 10.5487/TR.2016.32.1.065
 Title & Authors
Cadmium Exposure and Potential Health Risk from Foods in Contaminated Area, Thailand
Chunhabundit, Rodjana;
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Man-made cadmium (Cd) emissions can be transported between environmental matrices and the food chain. Food is the primary source of Cd exposure among general population as a consequence of the bioconcentration of Cd from soil. Chronic Cd exposure has been reported to be associated with chronic kidney disease, osteoporosis, diabetes, cardiovascular disease and cancer. The Joint FAO/WHO Expert Committee on Food Additives (JECFA) established the safe level of Cd intake as provisional tolerable monthly intake (PTMI) of in 2010. The major food groups that contribute to the most Cd exposure are rice and grains, shellfish and sea food, meat including edible offal, and vegetables. A number of studies reported the high Cd contaminated levels in foods from polluted areas in Thailand. The results are of high concern since the contaminations occur in foods that are major Cd contributors. Thus, in this review, the current situations of Cd contaminated foods in polluted areas of Thailand are summarized. In addition, the Cd intakes from selected scenarios are estimated to assess the potential health risk to consumers and the suggestions are also included.
Cadmium;Foods;Contaminated area;Health risk;Thailand;
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