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Sleep and Suicidal Risk Factors in Korean High School Students
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 Title & Authors
Sleep and Suicidal Risk Factors in Korean High School Students
Jeong, Ja-Hyun; Jang, Yong-E; Lee, Hae-Woo; Shim, Hyun-Bo; Choi, Jin-Sook;
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 Abstract
Objectives: Sleep problems has been consistently reported as a suicidal risk factor in adults and, recently, also in adolescents. In this study, dividing study subjects by the previous suicidal behaviors (suicidal vs non-suicidal), we compared the group differences of suicidal risk factors, and examined the possibility of sleep as a suicidal risk factor. Methods: Study subjects were 561 (271 boys and 290 girls) from a community sample of high school students. Suicidal Risk Behavior Checklist, Center for Epidemiological Study-Depression (CES-D), Symptom Checklist-90-Revision (SCL-90-R) Anxiety and Aggression subscale, Pittsburg Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) were done. Results: Forty six students (8.1%) reported previous actual self-harm behavior as a suicidal attempt, 181 students (32.4%) reported having suicidal thought only. Three hundred thirty four students (59.5%) reported no previous suicidal behavior (thought and attempt, both). Suicidal behavior group showed higher score on risk behaviors such as school violence, substance use and internet addiction. CES-D, SCL-90-R, PSQI showed significant group difference. Logistic regression analysis showed suicidal risk were significantly associated with depression, stress in suicidal risk factors and sleep latency, daytime dysfunction in PSQI. Analysis of variance (ANOVA) shows the most prolonged sleep latency and increased index of all PSQI components except sleep efficiency in suicidal attempt group. Conclusions: Sleep Problems had a strong association with the suicidal risk behavior in adolescents. Sleep problems, especially, prolonged sleep latency, daytime dysfunction might be important markers for suicidal behavior. Screening for sleep problems in adolescents are encouraged for the parents, school teachers, and related medical physicians.
 Keywords
Adolescent;Suicide;Sleep;Risk factors;
 Language
Korean
 Cited by
1.
Sleep Duration and Suicidal Impulse of Korean Adolescents: Weekday/Weekend Sleep Duration Effects and Gender Difference, The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, 2015, 15, 12, 314  crossref(new windwow)
2.
The Effect of Sleep Duration on Youth School Adjustment Mediated by Parenting Behavior, Korean Journal of Child Studies, 2016, 37, 3, 13  crossref(new windwow)