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RNA-Seq Analysis of the Arabidopsis Transcriptome in Pluripotent Calli
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  • Journal title : Molecules and Cells
  • Volume 39, Issue 6,  2016, pp.484-494
  • Publisher : Korea Society for Molecular and Cellular Biology
  • DOI : 10.14348/molcells.2016.0049
 Title & Authors
RNA-Seq Analysis of the Arabidopsis Transcriptome in Pluripotent Calli
Lee, Kyounghee; Park, Ok-Sun; Seo, Pil Joon;
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Plant cells have a remarkable ability to induce pluripotent cell masses and regenerate whole plant organs under the appropriate culture conditions. Although the in vitro regeneration system is widely applied to manipulate agronomic traits, an understanding of the molecular mechanisms underlying callus formation is starting to emerge. Here, we performed genome-wide transcriptome profiling of wild-type leaves and leaf explant-derived calli for comparison and identified 10,405 differentially expressed genes (> two-fold change). In addition to the well-defined signaling pathways involved in callus formation, we uncovered additional biological processes that may contribute to robust cellular dedifferentiation. Particular emphasis is placed on molecular components involved in leaf development, circadian clock, stress and hormone signaling, carbohydrate metabolism, and chromatin organization. Genetic and pharmacological analyses further supported that homeostasis of clock activity and stress signaling is crucial for proper callus induction. In addition, gibberellic acid (GA) and brassinosteroid (BR) signaling also participates in intricate cellular reprogramming. Collectively, our findings indicate that multiple signaling pathways are intertwined to allow reversible transition of cellular differentiation and dedifferentiation.
Arabidopsis;biological process;callus formation;dedifferentiation;RNA-Seq;
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