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Crystal Structure of Hypothetical Fructose-Specific EIIB from Escherichia coli
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  • Journal title : Molecules and Cells
  • Volume 39, Issue 6,  2016, pp.495-500
  • Publisher : Korea Society for Molecular and Cellular Biology
  • DOI : 10.14348/molcells.2016.0055
 Title & Authors
Crystal Structure of Hypothetical Fructose-Specific EIIB from Escherichia coli
Park, Jimin; Kim, Mi-Sun; Joo, Keehyung; Jhon, Gil-Ja; Berry, Edward A.; Lee, Jooyoung; Shin, Dong Hae;
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 Abstract
We have solved the crystal structure of a predicted fructose-specific enzyme from Escherichia coli () involved in the phosphoenolpyruvate-carbohydrate phosphotransferase system transferring carbohydrates across the cytoplasmic membrane. belongs to a sequence family with more than 5,000 sequence homologues with 25-99% amino-acid sequence identity. It reveals a conventional Rossmann-like sandwich fold with a unique -sheet topology. Its C-terminus is longer than its closest relatives and forms an additional -strand whereas the shorter C-terminus is random coil in the relatives. Interestingly, its core structure is similar to that of enzyme from E. coli () transferring a phosphate moiety. In the active site of the closest homologues, a unique motif CXXGXAHT comprising a P-loop like architecture including a histidine residue is found. The conserved cysteine on this loop may be deprotonated to act as a nucleophile similar to that of . The conserved histidine residue is presumed to bind the negatively charged phosphate. Therefore, we propose that the catalytic mechanism of is similar to that of transferring phosphoryl moiety to a specific carbohydrate.
 Keywords
frwD;fructose specific enzyme EIIB;functional cysteine;PTS permease;PTS system;X-ray crystallography;
 Language
English
 Cited by
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