Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Comparative Advantage of the United States and South Korean Manmade Textile Industries
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
  • Journal title : Fashion, Industry and Education
  • Volume 14, Issue 1,  2016, pp.1-9
  • Publisher : The Costume Culture Association
  • DOI : 10.7741/fie.2016.14.1.001
 Title & Authors
Comparative Advantage of the United States and South Korean Manmade Textile Industries
Shin, Eonyou; Keenan, Caitlyn; Karpova, Elena;
  PDF(new window)
This study examined the comparative advantage of manmade textile (MMT) industries in the United States (US) and South Korea (SK). The Revealed Comparative Advantage (RCA) framework was used to assess the MMT industries` performance in both countries from 2004 to 2013. With the recent ratification of the United States-South Korea Free Trade Agreement (KORUS FTA), it is important to understand the current state of these industries. Using UN Comtrade export data, the RCA index values were calculated and analyzed for 27 MMT commodities, three aggregate groups, and the whole industry. It was found that SK had a consistent comparative advantage for the whole industry. Furthermore, SK had a larger number of products with a comparative advantage. The research findings indicate that the MMT industry in SK is likely to outperform the US following the complete ratification of the KORUS FTA.
KORUS FTA;Manmade textiles;Revealed comparative advantage;South Korea;United States;
 Cited by
Allwood, J. M., Lauren, S. E., Rodriguez, C. M., & Bocken, N. M. P. (2006). Well dressed? The present and future sustainability of clothing and textiles in the United Kingdom. University of Cambridge institute for Manufacturing. Cambridge, England: University of Cambridge Institute for Manufacturing.

Balassa, B. (1965). Trade liberalisation and revealed comparative advantage. Manchester School, 33(2), 99-123. doi:10.1111/j.1467-9957.1965.tb00050.x crossref(new window)

Chang, W., & Kilduff, P. (2002). The US market for technical textiles. Small Business and Technology Development Center. Retrieved from

Chi, T. (2010). An empirical study of trade competitiveness in the U.S. technical textile industry. Journal of Textile and Apparel, Technology and Management, 6(4), 1-19. Retrieved from

Cho, G., & Cho, J. (2007). The technological development of smart-wear for future daily life. Fiber Technology and Industry, 11(2), 111-116.

Cooper, W., Manyin, M., Jurenas, R., & Platzer, M. (2011). The Proposed U.S.-South Korea Free Trade Agreement (KORUS FTA): Provisions and implications. Congressional Research Service, 1-53. Retrieved from

Kamiya, H. (2007). Changing employment structure in the textile industry of Daegu. Geographische Rundschau International, 3, 28-31.

Kilduff, P., & Chi, T. (2006). Longitudinal patterns of comparative advantage in the textile complex. Journal of Fashion Marketing and Management, 10(2), 150-168. doi:10.1108/13612020610667478 crossref(new window)

Lee, J. (1995). Comparative advantage in manufacturing as a determinant of industrialization: The Korean case. World Development, 23(7), 1195-1214. doi:10.1016/0305-750X(95)00039-F crossref(new window)

Lenzing Group. (n.d.). The global fiber market in 2014. Retrieved from

Office of the United States Trade Representative. (2015). New opportunities for U.S. exporters under the U.S.-Korea trade agreement. Retrieved from

Park, K. W., & Kim, M. H. (2009). The industrial relationships in time-varying beta coefficients between Korea and the United States. Applied Economics, 41, 1929-1938. doi:10.1080/00036840601131730 crossref(new window)

Ricardo, D., & Gonner, E. C. K. (1821). Principles of political economy and taxation (3rd Ed.). London, England: John Murray.

Richardson, D. J., & Zhang, C. (2001). Revealing comparative advantage: Chaotic or coherent patterns across time and sector and U.S. trading partner? In M. Blomstrom and L. S. Goldberg (Eds.), Topics in Empirical International Economics: A Festschrift in Honor of Robert E. Lipsey (chapter 7). Retrieved from

UN Comtrade, (2015). Database [Data file]. Retrieved from

Williams, B., Manyin, M., Jurenas, R., & Platzer, M. (2014). The U.S.-South Korea free trade agreement (KORUS FTA): Provisions and implementation (Research Report No. 7-5700). Retrieved from Federation of American Scientists website:

World Trade Organization (WTO). (n.d.). Textiles: Agreements. Retrieved from