S. W. Schmader, Introduction, Managing Volunteers, Port Angeles, Washington: International Festivals and Events Association (IFEA), 1997. p.5.
D. Getz, D. Event Management & Event Tourism, Cognizant Communication Corporation, 1997.
J. Yi, Developing an Effective Festival Volunteer Program: A Case Study of the Puppet Festival Chunchon Volunteer Program, Master Thesis, University of Illinois at Springfield, 2000.
G. Cuskelly & A. Boag, "Organizational Commitment as a Predictor of Committee Member Turnover among Volunteer Sport Administrators: Results of a Time-Lagged.
L. Slaughter, "Motivation of long term volunteers at events," Events and Place Marketing, Australian Centre.
G. Cuskelly, T. Taylor, R. Hoye, & S. Darcy, "Volunteer Management Practices and Volunteer Retention: A Human Resource Management Approach," Sport Management Review, 9, 2006, pp.141-163.
J. J. Goldblatt, & F. Supovitz, Dollars and Events: How to Succeed in the Special Events Business, New York: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 1999.
J. C. Hastings, & K. M. Cole, "Volunteer Development Programs: How to Keep a Skilled Interested Volunteers, Managing Volunteer, Port Angeles, Washington: International Festivals and Events Association (IFEA), 1997, pp.27-32.
S. Twyford, Personal Issues and Trends, Event Trends, Port Angeles, Washington: International Festivals and Events Association (IFEA), 1990.
E. Clary, M. Snyder, & R. Ridge, "Volunteers' Motivations: A Functional Strategy for the Recruitment, Placement and Retention of Volunteers," Nonprofit.
C. Ryan, & C. Bates, "A Rose by Any Other Name: The Motivations of Those Opening Their Gardens for a Festival," Festival Management & Event Tourism, 3, 1995, pp.59-71.
P. W. Williams, K. A. Dossa, & L. Tompkins, "Volunteerism and Special Event Management: A Case Study of Whistler's Men's World Cup of Skiing," Festival Management & Event Tourism, 3, 1995, pp.83-95.
J. Farrell, M. E. Johnston, & G. D. Twynam, "Volunteer Motivation, Satisfaction, and Management at an Elite Sporting Competition," Journal of Sport Management, 12(4), 1998, pp.288-300.
F. Saleh, & C. Wood. "Motives of Volunteers in Multicultural Events: The Case of Saskatoon Folkfest," Festival Management & Event Tourism, 5, 1998, pp.59-70.
M. E. Johnston, G. D., Wynam, & J. M. Farrell, "Motivation and Satisfaction of Event Volunteers for a Major Youth Organization," Leisure/Loisir 24(1-2), 1999-2000, pp.161-177.
K. Churchard, Effective Volunteer Management, Managing Volunteers, Port Angeles, Washington: International Festivals and Events Association (IFEA), 1997, pp.57-62.
Hi Seoul Festival Official Website (www.hiseoulfest.org).
Current Population Survey. 2008. http://www.bls.gov/news.release/volun.nr0.htm
R. A. Cnaan, & R. R. Goldberg-Glen, "Measuring Motivation to Volunteer in Human Services," Journal of Applied Behavioral Science, 27(3), 1991, pp.269-285.
Hi Seoul Festival Volunteer Web Community (http://club.cyworld.com/hiseoulmania)
Hi Seoul Festival Web Community (http://cafe.naver.com/hiseoulfest2008)