Advanced SearchSearch Tips
High Time-resolution Characterization of PM2.5 Sulfate Measured in a Japanese Urban Site
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
High Time-resolution Characterization of PM2.5 Sulfate Measured in a Japanese Urban Site
Ma, Chang-Jin; Kang, Gong-Unn; Kim, Ki-Hyun;
  PDF(new window)
The high time-resolution monitoring data are essential to estimate rapid changes in chemical compositions, concentrations, formation mechanisms, and likely sources of atmospheric particulate matter (PM). In this study, sulfate, , , and the number concentration of size-resolved PMs were monitored in Fukuoka, Japan by good time-resolved methods during the springtime. The highest monthly average sulfate was found in May (), followed by April (), March (), and June (). The cases exceed the Japanese central government`s safety standard for () reached 10.11% during four months campaign. The fraction of sulfate to varied from 12.05% to 68.11% with average value of 35.49% throughout the entire period of monitoring. This high proportion of sulfate in is an obvious characteristic of the ambient in Fukuoka during the springtime. However, the average fraction of sulfate to in three rain events occurred during our intensive campaign fell right down to 15.53%. Unusually high sulfate (> ) marked on three days were probably affected by the air parcels coming from the Chinese continent, the natural sulfur in the remote marine atmosphere, and a large number of ships sailing on the nearby sea. The theoretical number concentration of in was originally calculated and then compared to sulfate. A close resemblance between the diurnal variations of the theoretically calculated number concentration of in and sulfate concentration indicates that the secondary formed was the primary form of sulfate in during our monitoring period.
Sulfate;Particulate matter;;Particle number concentration;Fukuoka;
 Cited by
A world avoided: impacts of changes in anthropogenic emissions on the burden and effects of air pollutants in Europe and North America, Faraday Discussions, 2017, 200, 1364-5498, 475  crossref(new windwow)
Bates, T.S., Cline, J.D., Gammon, R.H., Kelly-Hansen, S.R. (1987) Regional and seasonal variations in the flux of oceanic dimethyl sulfide to the atmosphere. Journal of Geophysical Research 92, 2930-2938. crossref(new window)

Berg, N., Mellqvist, J., Jalkanen, J.P., Balzani, J. (2012) Ship emissions of $SO_2$ and $NO_2$: DOAS measurements from airborne platforms. Atmospheric Measurement Techniques 5, 1085-1098. crossref(new window)

Dockery, D.W., Pope, C.A., Xu, X., Spengler, J.D., Ware, J.H., Fay, M.E., Ferris, B.G., Speizer, F.E. (1993) An association between air pollution and mortality in six U.S. cities. The New England Journal of Medicine 329, 1753-1759. crossref(new window)

Drewnick, F., Schwab, J.J., Hogrefe, O., Peters, S., Diamond, D., Weber, R., Demerjian, K.L. (2003) Intercomparision and evaluation of four semi-continuous $PM_{2.5}$ sulfate instruments. Atmospheric Environment 37, 3335-3350. crossref(new window)

Dupont, S., Alfaro, S.C., Bergametti, G., Marticorena, B. (2015) Near-surface dust flux enrichment in small particles during erosion events. Geophysical Research Letters 42, 1992-2000. crossref(new window)

European Commission (2005) Thematic strategy on airpollution, commission of the European communities,Brussels, communication from the commission to thecouncil and the European parliament COM 446 final.

Garrod, A.N.I., Rimmer, D.A., Robertshaw, L., Jones, T. (1998) Occupational exposure through spraying remedial pesticides. Annals of Occupational Hygiene 42, 159-165. crossref(new window)

Heffter, J.L., Stunder, B.J.B. (1993) Volcanic ash forecast transport and dispersion (VAFTAD) model. Weather Forecasting 8, 534-541.

Higo, H., Yamashita, S., Kinoshita, M. (2013) Chemical composition and source apportionment of $PM_{2.5}$ in Fukuoka City. Annual report of Fukuoka City 38, 53-57.

Huang, X.H.H., Bian, Q., Ng, W.M., Louie, P.K.K., Yu, J.Z. (2014) Characterization of $PM_{2.5}$ major components and source investigation in suburban Hong Kong: A one year monitoring study. Aerosol and Air Quality Research 14, 237-250. crossref(new window)

Keith, D.W. (2000) Geoengineering the climate: History and prospect. Annual Review of Energy and the Environment 25, 245-284. crossref(new window)

Lebowitz, M.D. (1996) Epidemiological studies of the respiratory effects of air pollution. The European Respiratory Journal 9, 1029-1054. crossref(new window)

Luria, M., Sievering, H. (1991) Heterogeneous and homogeneous oxidation of $SO_2$ in the remote marine atmosphere. Atmospheric Environment 25, 1489-1496. crossref(new window)

Ma, C.J., Kim, K.H. (2013) Artificial and biological particles in the springtime atmosphere. Asian Journal of Atmospheric Environment 7, 209-216. crossref(new window)

Mauldin, R.L., III, Berndt, T., Sipilae, M., Paasonen, P., Petaejae, T., Kim, S., Kurten, T., Stratmann, F., Kerminen, V.M., Kulmala, M. (2012) A new atmospherically relevant oxidant of sulphur dioxide. Nature 488, 193-196. crossref(new window)

National Oceanic Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) HYSPLIT (HYbrid Single-Particle Lagrangian Integrated Trajectory) dispersion-trajectory model "backwards" (2008)

Seaton, A., Cherrie, J., Dennekamp, M., Donaldson, K., Hurley, J.F., Tran, C.L. (2005) The London underground: dust and hazards to health. Occupational and Environmental Medicine 62, 355-362. crossref(new window)

Yang, F., Tan, J., Zhao, Q., Du, Z., He, K., Ma, Y., Duan, F., Chen, G., Zhao, Q. (2001) Characteristics of $PM_{2.5}$ speciation in representative megacities and across China. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 11, 5207-5219.