JOURNAL BROWSE
Search
Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Chemically Aged Asian Dust Particles Proven by Traditional Spot Test and the Most Advanced micro-PIXE
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
Chemically Aged Asian Dust Particles Proven by Traditional Spot Test and the Most Advanced micro-PIXE
Ma, Chang-Jin; Tohno, Susumu; Kang, Gong-Unn;
  PDF(new window)
 Abstract
A change in chemical compositions of Asian dust (AD) particles can dramatically alter their optical properties, cloud-forming properties, and health effects. The present study was undertaken to evaluate this aging of AD particles by means of two complementary methods (i.e., the traditional spot test and the most advanced micro-PIXE analytical technique) for single particle analysis. Size-classified particles were sampled at the rural peninsula of Korea (Byunsan, 35.37N; 126.27E) during AD event and non-AD period in 2004. Sulfate was principally enriched on the particles in the size range of collected during AD event. The average number fraction of coarse particles (>) containing chloride was 16.2% during AD event. Relatively low particles containing nitrate compared to those containing sulfate and chloride were found in AD event. Micro-PIXE elemental maps indicated that a large number of AD particles were internally mixed with man-made zinc. The highest peaks of EC and OC concentrations were appeared at particle aerodynamic diameter. High EC concentration in was might be caused by the Saemangeum Seawall Project that was being conducted during our field measurement.
 Keywords
Asian dust;Single particle;Byunsan Peninsula;Long-range transport;Spot test;
 Language
English
 Cited by
 References
1.
Allen, J.O., Mayo, P.R., Hughes, L.S., Salmon, L.G., Cass, G.R. (2001) Emissions of size-segregated aerosols from on-road vehicles in the Caldecott tunnel. Environmental Science and Technology 35, 4189-4197. crossref(new window)

2.
Ayers, G.P. (1977) An improved thin film sulphate test for submicron particles. Atmospheric Environment 11, 391-395. crossref(new window)

3.
Barceloux, D.G., Barceloux, D. (1999) Cobalt. Clinical Toxicology 37, 201-216.

4.
Bian, Q., Huang, X.H.H., Yu1, J.Z. (2014) One-year observations of size distribution characteristics of major aerosol constituents at a coastal receptor site in Hong Kong - Part 1: Inorganic ions and oxalate. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 14, 9013-9027. crossref(new window)

5.
Bigg, E.K., Ono, A., Williams, J.A. (1974) Chemical tests for individual submicron aerosol particles. Atmospheric Environment 8, 1-13. crossref(new window)

6.
Chow, J.C., Watson, J.G., Pritchett, L.C., Pierson, W.R., Frazier, C.A., Purcell, R.G. (1993) The DRI thermal/optical reflectance carbon analysis system: description, evaluation and applications in US air quality studies. Atmospheric Environment 27A, 1185-1201.

7.
Chuang, P.Y., Duvall, R.M., Bae, M.S., Jefferson, A., Schauer, J.J., Yang, H., Yu, J.Z., Kim, J. (2003) Observations of elemental carbon and absorption during ACE-Asia and implications for aerosol radiative properties and climate forcing. Journal of Geophysical Research 108, D23, 8634, doi:10.1029/2002JD003254. crossref(new window)

8.
Clarke, A.D., Shinozuka, Y., Kapustin, V.N., Howell, S., Huebert, B., Doherty, S., Anderson, T., Covert, D., Anderson, J., Hua, X., Moore, K.G., McNaughton, C., Carmichael, G., Weber, R. (2004) Size distributions and mixtures of dust and black carbon aerosol in Asian outflow: Physiochemistry and optical properties. Journal of Geophysical Research 109(D15), doi:10.1029/2003JD004378. crossref(new window)

9.
Delmas, R., Serca, D., Jambert, C. (1997) Global inventory of $NO_x$ sources. Nutrient Cycling Agroecosystems 48, 51-60. crossref(new window)

10.
Hwang, H.J., Kim, H.K., Ro, C.U. (2008) Single-particle characterization of aerosol samples collected before and during an Asian dust storm in Chuncheon, Korea. Atmospheric Environment 42, 8738-8746. crossref(new window)

11.
Ishizaka, T., Tohno, S., Ma, C.J., Morikawa, A., Takaoka, M., Nishiyama, F., Yamamoto, K. (2009) Implications of heterogeneous reactivity between $PbSO_4$ and $CaCO_3$ particles for modification of Kosa particles during longrange transport. Atmospheric Environment 43, 2550-2560. crossref(new window)

12.
Ma, C.J. (2010) Chemical transformation of individual Asian dust particles estimated by the novel double detector system of micro-PIXE. Asian Journal of Atmospheric Environment 4, 106-114. crossref(new window)

13.
Ma, C.J., Kasahara, M., Tohno, S., Kim, K.H. (2008) Physicochemical properties of Asian dust sources. Asian Journal of Atmospheric Environment 2, 26-33. crossref(new window)

14.
Mamane, Y., Pueschel, R.F. (1980) A Method for the Detection of Individual Nitrate Particles. Atmospheric Environment 14, 629-639. crossref(new window)

15.
Rolph, G.D. (2003) Real-time Environmental Applications and Display system (READY) Website (http://www.arl.noaa.gov/ready/hysplit4.html). NOAA Air Resources Laboratory, Silver Spring, MD.

16.
Saemangeum Development and Investment Agency (2016) About Saemangeum http://www.saemangeum.go.kr/sda/en/sub/why/SMA20001.do

17.
Sakai, T., Oikawa, M., Sato, T. (2005) External scanning proton microprobe - a new method for in-air elemental analysis. Journal of Nuclear and Radiochemical Sciences 6, 69-71. crossref(new window)

18.
Sheel, V., Lal, S., Richter, A., Burrowsb, J.P. (2010) Comparison of satellite observed tropospheric $NO_2$ over India with model simulations. Atmospheric Environment 44, 3314-3321. crossref(new window)

19.
Wang, G.H., Wei, N.N., Liu, W., Lin, J., Fan, X.B., Yao, J., Geng, Y.H., Li, Y.L., Li, Y. (2010) Size distributions of organic carbon (OC) and elemental carbon (EC) in Shanghai atmospheric particles. Huan Jing Ke Xue 31, 1993-2001. (in Chinese)

20.
Wurzler, S., Reisin, T.G., Levin, Z. (2000) Modification of mineral dust particles by cloud processing and subsequent effects on drop size distributions. Journal of Geophysical Research 105, 4501-4512. crossref(new window)

21.
Xiao, H., Carmichael, G.R., Durchenwald, J. (1997) Longrange transport of SOx and dust in East Asia during the PEM B Experiment. Journal of Geophysical Research 102, 28589-28612. crossref(new window)

22.
Yamasaki, S., Onishi, Y., Tohno, S., Kasahara, M. (2003) Development of the multiple thin film method to identify the mixing states of chloride and nitrate ions in individual aerosol particles. Journal of Aerosol Research 18, 34-39 (in Japanese).

23.
Zhang, D., Iwasaka, Y. (1998) Morphology and chemical composition of individual dust particles collected over Wakasa bay, Japan. Journal of Aerosol Science 29, S217-S218. crossref(new window)

24.
Zhang, D., Iwasaka, Y. (1999) Nitrate and sulfate in individual Asian dust-storm particles in Beijing, China in spring of 1995 and 1996. Atmospheric Environment 33, 3213-3223. crossref(new window)

25.
Zhang, D., Iwasaka, Y. (2004) Size change of Asian dust particles caused by sea salt interaction: Measurements in southwestern Japan. Journal of Geophysical Research 31, L15102, doi:10.1029/2004GL020087. crossref(new window)

26.
Zhang, D.Z., Iwasaka, Y., Shi, G.Y., Zang, J.Y., Matsuki, A., Trochkine, D. (2000) Mixture state and size of Asian dust particles collected at southwestern Japan in spring 2000. Journal of Geophysical Research 108(D24), doi: 10.1029/ 2003JD003869. crossref(new window)

27.
Zhao, X., Wang, Z., Zhuang, G., Pang, C. (2000) Model study on the transport and mixing of dust aerosols and pollutants during an Asian dust storm in March 2002. Terrestrial Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences 18(3), 437-457.