JOURNAL BROWSE
Search
Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Microsatellite Analysis of Three Poultry Breeds of India
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
Microsatellite Analysis of Three Poultry Breeds of India
Pandey, A.K.; Tantia, M.S.; Kumar, Dinesh; Mishra, Bina; Chaudhary, Preeti; Vijh, R.K.;
  PDF(new window)
 Abstract
The genetic variability of three poultry breeds namely Aseel, Miri and Nicobari taken from different geographical locations of India were evaluated using 15 microsatellite loci. No. of alleles varied from 3 to 9 in Aseel, 3 to 8 in Miri and 2 to 7 in Nicobari. Mean PIC values in Aseel, Miri and Nicobari breeds were 0.64, 0.66 and 0.63, respectively. Average unbiased heterozygosity and direct count heterozygosity were 0.65 and 0.59, 0.68 and 0.61, and 0.64 and 0.57 in Aseel, Miri and Nicobari breeds, respectively. High heterozygosity values revealed in this study are indicative of low level of inbreeding, large population size and no or low selection pressure for commercial trait in all three populations. The estimate of genetic distances using Nei's standard, Nei's minimum and Reynold's distance revealed Aseel and Nicobari to be more closely related than Miri breed of poultry.
 Keywords
Poultry;Microsatellite;Genetic Distance;
 Language
English
 Cited by
1.
Genetic Diversity of Indigenous Cattle Populations in Bhutan: Implications for Conservation,;;;;;

Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences, 2003. vol.16. 7, pp.946-951 crossref(new window)
2.
Genomic Heterogeneity of Chicken Populations in India,;;;

Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences, 2008. vol.21. 12, pp.1710-1720 crossref(new window)
3.
Genetic Relationship in Chicken Breeds Using Molecular Co-ancestry Information,;;;;;

Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences, 2008. vol.21. 1, pp.6-10 crossref(new window)
 References
1.
Acharya, R. M. and P. N. Bhat. 1984. Livestock and Poultry Genetic Resources in India. IVRI Izatnagar. India.

2.
Bakeljau, T. L., H. D. C. De Bruyn, K. Wolfe, S. Jordaens, Van Dongen and B. Winnepenninckx. 1996. Multiple UPGMA and Neighbour-joining trees and the performance of some computer packages. Mol. Biol. Evol. 13:309-313.

3.
Barker, J. S. F., W. G. Hill, D. Bradley, M. Nei, R. Fries and R. K. Wayne. 1998. Measurement of domestic animal Diversity (MODAD) Original working group report, FAO, Rome.

4.
Bassam, B. J., G. Coetano- Anolles and P. M. Gresshoff. 1991. Fast and sensitive silver staining of DNA in polyacrylamide gels, Anal Biochem. 196:80-83. crossref(new window)

5.
Botstein, D., R. L. White, M. Skolnick and R. W. Davis. 1980. Construction of a genetic linkage map in man using restriction fragment length polymorphism. Am J. Hum. Genet. 32:314-331.

6.
Crooijmans, R. P. M. A., A. B. F. Groen, A. J. A. Van kampen, S. Van Der Beek, J. J. Van Der Poel and M. A. M. Groenen. 1996. Commercial broiler and layer lines estimated using pooled blood samples. Poult. Sci. 75:904-909.

7.
Kimura, M. and J. W. Crow. 1964. The number of alleles that can be maintained in a finite population. Genetics 49:725-738.

8.
Nei, M. 1972. Genetic distance between populations. Am. Naturalist 106(949):283-292. crossref(new window)

9.
Nei, M. 1973. The theory of estimation of genetic distance. In: Genetic Structure of Populations, University of Hawaii, Honolulu (Ed. N. Morton). pp. 45-54.

10.
Nei, M. 1978. Estimation of Average heterozygosity and genetic distance from a small number of individuals, Genetics 89: 583-590.

11.
Reynold, J., B. S. Weir and C. C. Cockerham. 1983. Estimation of the coancestory Coefficient basis for a short term genetic distance. Genetics 105:767-779.

12.
Sambrook, J., E. F. Fritsch and T. Maniatis. 1989. Molecular Cloning: A Laboratory Manual 2nd ed, Cold spring Harbour, Cold Spring Laboratory Press, NY.

13.
Swofford, D. L. and G. J. Olsen. 1990. Phylogeny Reconstruction. In: Molecular Systematics (Ed. D. M. Hillis and C. Mortiz). Sinaur Associates Inc. Sunderland.

14.
Wimmers, K., S. Ponsuksili, T. Hardge, A. Valle-Zarate, P. K. Mathur and P. Horst. 2000. Genetic distinctness of African, Asian and South American local chickens. Animal Genetics 31:159-165. crossref(new window)

15.
Yeh, F. C., T. Boyle, Y. Rongcai, Z. Ye and J. M. Xian. 1999. POPGENE version 3.1

16.
Zhou, H. and S. J. Lamout. 1999. Genetic characterization of biodiversity in highly inbred chicken by microsatellite markers. Animal Genetics 30:256-264. crossref(new window)