JOURNAL BROWSE
Search
Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Embryonic Growth, Hatching Time and Hatchability Performance of Meat Breeder Eggs Incubated under Continuous Green Light
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
Embryonic Growth, Hatching Time and Hatchability Performance of Meat Breeder Eggs Incubated under Continuous Green Light
Shafey, T.M.; Al-mohsen, T.H.;
  PDF(new window)
 Abstract
The effects of dark-control (D) and continuous green light (GL) exposure of incubated meat-type breeder eggs (Hybro) on embryonic growth from 5 to 15 days of age, hatching time, hatchability per cent and chick hatching weight were investigated in three consecutive experiments at 33, 38, and 41 weeks of age. A total of 798 eggs were used in this study. Eggs were set in an incubator on trays either in the D or under two tubes of 20-watt green fluorescent light during the first 18 days of incubation. Eggs from both treatments were transferred to the dark hatching compartment at 19 days of incubation. The light intensity was in the range of 1,340 to 1,730 lux at the surface of the eggs. GL incubation of eggs significantly (p<0.01) increased weight (expressed as an absolute value) and daily weight gain of embryos at 11 and continued to 15 days of age, hatchability per cent by 4.8%, reduced dead embryos per cent and chick weight at hatch by 37 and 2%, respectively and accelerated hatching time by about 24 h when compared with the D-control incubation. Chicks hatched at 504 h of incubation had significantly (p<0.01) higher body weight, expressed as an absolute value or as a percentage of egg weight, than those hatched earlier at 456 h of incubation. It was concluded that the GL incubation of meat breeder eggs reduced incubation period and chick weight at hatch and increased embryonic growth and hatchability per cent.
 Keywords
Green Light;Incubation;Embryonic Growth;Hatching Time;Hatchability er cent;Chick Hatching Weight;
 Language
English
 Cited by
1.
Effects of Egg Storage Material and Storage Period on Hatchability in Japanese Quail,;;;

Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences, 2008. vol.21. 8, pp.1183-1188 crossref(new window)
 References
1.
Adam, J. H. and S. J. Dimond. 1971. Influence of light on the time of hatching in the domestic chick. Anim. Behav. 19:226-229. crossref(new window)

2.
Bohren, B.B. 1978. Performance of lines selected for fast- and low-hatching times and crosses among them. Br. Poult. Sci. 19:219-223. crossref(new window)

3.
Bowling, J. A., B. Howarth and D. L. Fletcher. 1981. The effects of lighted incubation on eggs with pigmented and nonpigmented yolk. Poult. Sci. 60:2328-2332.

4.
Bruzual, J. J., S. D. Peak, J. Brake and E. D. Peebles. 2000. Effects of relative humidity during the last five days of incubation and brooding temperature on performance of broiler chicks from young broiler breeders. Poult. Sci. 79:1385-1391.

5.
Coleman, M. A. 1979. The effect of colored lights and egg size on the hatch time and weights and embryonic mortality and abnormalities of broilers. Poult. Sci. 58:1045 (abstr.).

6.
Coleman, M. A. and G. R. McDaniel. 1975. The effect of light and specific gravity on embryo weight and embryonic mortality. Poult. Sci. 54:1415-1421.

7.
Coleman, M. A. and R. A. McNab. 1975. Photoacceleration of development in depigmented Japanese quail eggs. Poult. Sci. 54:1849-1855.

8.
Fairchild, B. D. and V. L. Christensen. 2000. Photostimulation of turkey eggs accelerates hatching times without affecting hatchability, liver or heart growth or glycogen content. Poult. Sci. 79:1627-1631.

9.
Garwood, V. A., E. J. Thornton and P. C. Lowe. 1973. The effect of continuous illumination of incubating chicken eggs on embryonic development. Poult. Sci. 52:337-340.

10.
Ghatpande, A., S. Ghatpande and M. Z. Khan. 1995. Effect of different intensities of fluorescent light on the early development of chick embryos in ovo. Cellular Molecular Biol. Res. 41:613-621.

11.
Gill, S. P. S. and P. C. Gangwar. 1985. Effect of fluorescent and red light on the development of chick embryo. Indian J. Anim. Res. 19:21-28.

12.
Gold, P. S. and J. Kalb. 1976. Secondary heating of chicken eggs exposed to light during incubation. Poult. Sci. 55:34-39.

13.
Hager, J. E. and W. L. Beane. 1983. Posthatch incubation time and early growth of broiler chickens. Poult. Sci. 62:247-254.

14.
Halbersleben, D. L. and F. E. Mussehi. 1922. Relation of egg weight to chick weight at hatching. Poult. Sci. 37:143-144.

15.
Isakson, S. T., B. J. Huffman and P. B. Siegel. 1970. Intensities of incandescent light and the development of chick embryos in ovo and in vitro. Biochem. Physiol. 35:229-235. crossref(new window)

16.
Lauber, J. K. 1975. Photoacceleration of avian emryogenesis. Comp. Biochem. Physiol. 51A:903-907. crossref(new window)

17.
Lauber, J. K. and J. V. Shutze. 1964. Accelerated growth of embryo chicks under the influence of light. Growth 28:179-190.

18.
Lowe, P. C. and V. A. Garwood. 1977. Chick embryo development rate in response to light stimulus. Poult. Sci. 56:218-222.

19.
O'Sullivan, N. P., E. A. Dunnington and P. B. Siegel. 1991. Relationships among age of the dam, egg components, embryo lipid transfer, and hatchability of broiler breeder eggs. Poult. Sci. 70:2180-2185.

20.
Morris, R. H., D. F. Hessels and R. J. Bishop. 1968. The relationship between hatching egg weight and subsequent performance of broiler chickens. Br. Poult. Sci. 9:305-315. crossref(new window)

21.
Ricklefs, R. E. and M. J. Starck. 1998. Embryonic growth and development. Pages 31-58 in: Avian Growth and Development. Oxford University Press, New york, NY.

22.
SAS Institute. 1985. SAS User's Guide: Statistics. SAS Institute Inc., Cary, NC.

23.
Shafey, T. M., T. H. Al-mohsen, A. A. Al-sobayel, M. J. Al-hassan and M. M. Ghnnam, 2002. Effects of eggshell pigmentation and egg size on the spectral properties and characteristics of eggshell of meat and layer breeder eggs. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 15:297-302.

24.
Shanawany, M. M. 1984. Interrelationship between egg weight, parental age and embryonic development. Br. Poult. Sci. 25:449-455. crossref(new window)

25.
Shutze, J. V., J. K. Lauber, M. Kato and W. Wilson. 1962. Influence of incandescent and colored light on chicken embrtos during incubation. Nature, Lond. 96:594-595. crossref(new window)

26.
Siegel, P. B., S. T. Isakson, F. N. Coleman and B. J. Huffman. 1969. Photoacceleration of development in chick embryos. Comp. Biochem. Physiol. 28:753-758. crossref(new window)

27.
Smith, K. P. and B. B. Bohren. 1975. Age of pullet effects on hatching time, egg weight, and hatchability. Poult. Sci. 54:959-963.

28.
Suarez, M. E., H. R. Wilson, F. B. Mather, C. J. Wilcox and B. N. McPherson. 1997. Effects of strain and age of the broiler breeder female on incubation time and chick weight. Poult. Sci. 76:1029-1036.

29.
Szymkiewicz, M. M., Z. Rzeszewska and W. Wojtczak. 1985. Effect of illumination of incubated chicken eggs on embryonic and post-embryonic development. Ann. Warsaw Agri. Univ.-SGGW-AR. Anim. Sci. 19:15-19.

30.
Tamimie, H. S. and M. W. Fox. 1967. Effect of continuous and intermittent light exposure on the embryonic development of chicken eggs. Comp. Biochem. Physiol. 20:793-799. crossref(new window)

31.
Walter, J. H. and R. A. Voitle. 1972. Effects of photoperiod during incubation on embryonic and post embryonic development of broiler. Poult. Sci. 51:1122-1126.

32.
Williams, C., G. F. Godfrey and R. B. Thompson. 1951. The effect of rapidity of hatching on growth, egg production, mortality and sex ratios in the domestic fowl. Poult. Sci. 30:599-606.

33.
Zakaria, A. H. 1989. Effect of fluorescent light on hatchability of commercial broiler parent stock eggs and on body weight of chickens hatched under large-scale commercial conditions. Poult. Sci. 68:1585-1587.