Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Effect of Fish Oil Supplement on Growth Performance, Ruminal Metabolism and Fatty Acid Composition of Longissimus Muscle in Korean Cattle
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
Effect of Fish Oil Supplement on Growth Performance, Ruminal Metabolism and Fatty Acid Composition of Longissimus Muscle in Korean Cattle
Kook, K.; Choi, B.H.; Sun, S.S.; Garcia, Fernando; Myung, K.H.;
  PDF(new window)
We investigated the effect of fish oil (FOS) on growth performance, ruminal metabolism and fatty acid composition and physical characteristics of longissimus muscle in 10 steers and 10 bulls of Korean cattle. Concentrates diet was supplemented with FOS at 5% of the diet. FOS contained 3.34% eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and 24.87% docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) of total fatty acids by weight. Average daily weight gain and feed efficiency were not affected (p>0.871) by FOS, but feed intake was decreased. FOS had lower (p<0.003) pH and higher (p<0.001) -N than that of control. There was a treatment effect (p<0.001) for serum cholesterol concentrations. FOS increased (p<0.009) concentrations of n-3 fatty acids, including linolenic, EPA and DHA in longissimus muscle. Physical traits were significantly (p<0.015) changed by feeding FOS except for pH and lightness (L). We concluded that the fatty acid composition and physical properties of the muscle in fattening Korean cattle can be altered by feeding 5% FOS.
Fish Oil;Korean Cattle;Fatty Acid Composition;
 Cited by
Ashes, J. R., B. D. Siebert, S. K. Gulati, A. Z. Cuthbertson and T. W. Scott. 1992. Incorporation of n-3 fatty acids of fish oil into tissue and serum lipids of ruminants. Lipids 27:629. crossref(new window)

Association of Official Analytical Chemists. 1996. Official methods of analysis (16th ed.). Washington, DC. Association of Official Analytical Chemists.

Cant, J. P., E. DePeters and R. L. Baldwin. 1993. Mammary uptake of energy metabolites in dairy cows fed fat and its relationship to milk protein depression. J. Dairy Sci. 76(8):2254.

Casutt, M. M., M. R. L. Scheeder, F. Escher, P. -A. Dufey and M. Kreuzer. 1999. Relating texture properties and composition of bovine fat tissue. Fett/Lipid, 101(8):283. crossref(new window)

Chalupa, W., B. Vecchiatelli, A. Esler, D. S. Kronfeld, D. Sklan and D. L. Palmquist. 1986. Ruminal fermentation in vivo as influenced by long-chain fatty acids. J. Dairy Sci. 69:1293.

Chaney, A. and E. P. Marbach. 1962. Modified reagents for determination of urea and ammonia. Clin. Chem. 8:130.

Chilliard, Y. and M. Doreau. 1997. Influence of supplementary fish oil and rumen-protected methionine on milk yield and composition in dairy cows. J. Dairy Reseach. 64:173. crossref(new window)

Doreau, M. and A. Ferlay. 1995. Effect of dietary lipids on nitrogen metabolism in the rumen: a review. Livest. Prod. Sci. 43:97. crossref(new window)

Engle, T. E., J. W. Spears, V. Fellner and J. Odle. 2000. Effects of soybean oil and dietary copper on ruminal and tissue lipid metabolism in finishing steers. J. Anim. Sci. 78:2713.

Folch, J., M. Lees and GHS. Stanley. 1957. A simple method for the isolation and purification of lipids from animal tissues. J. Biol. Chem. 226:497.

Goering, H. K. and P. J. Van Soest. 1970. Forage fiber analysis (apparatus, reagents, procedures, and some applications). Agric. Hanbook No. 379. ARS, USDA, Washington, DC.

Hall, J. B., R. B. Staigmiller, R. A. Bellows, R. E. Short, R. E. Short, W. M. Mosely and S. E. Bellows. 1995. Body composition and metabolic profiles associated with puberty in beef heifers. J. Anim. Sci. 73:3409.

Jenkins, T. C. 1993. Lipid metabolism in the rumen. J. Dairy Sci. 76:3851.

Kim, K. H., Y. S. Kim, Y. K. Lee and M. G. Baik. 2000. Postmortem muscle glycolysis and meat quality characteristics of intact male Korean native (Hanwoo) cattle. Meat Sci. 55:47. crossref(new window)

Kitessa, S. M., S. K. Gulati, J. R. Ashes, E. Fleck, T. W. Scott and P. D. Nichols. 2001. Utilisation of fish oil in ruminants. I. Fish oil metabolism in sheep. Anim. Feed Sci. Technology. 89:189. crossref(new window)

Krysl, L. J., M. B. Judkins and V. R. Bohman. 1991. Influence of ruminal or duodenal soybean oil infusion on intake, ruminal fermentation, site and extent of digestion and microbial protein synthesis in beef heifers consuming grass hay. J. Anim. Sci. 69:2585.

McDonald, I. W. and T. W. Scott. 1977. Foods of ruminant origin with elevated content of polyunsaturated fatty acids. World Rev. of Nutr. and Dietetics. 26:144.

Morrison, W. R. and L. M. Smith. 1964. Preparation of fatty acid methylesters and dimethylacetals from lipids with boron fluoride methanol. J. Lipid Res. 5:600.

Russell, J. B. and C. J. Sniffen. 1984. Effect of carbon-4 and carbon-5 volatile fatty acids on growth of mixed rumen bacteria in vivo. J. Dairy Sci. 67:987.

SAS. 1996. SAS/STAT$^{\circledR}$ User's Guide(Release 6.12). SAS Inst. Inc., Cary, NC.

Scheeder, M. R. L., Monica M. Casutt, M. Roulin, F. Escher, P. A. Dufey and M. Kreuzer. 2001. Fatty acid composition, cooking loss and texture of beef patties from meat of bulls fed different fats. Meat Sci. 58:321. crossref(new window)

Scollan, Nigel D., Nag-Jin Choi, Esra Kurt, Alan V. Fisher, Mike Enser and D. Jeff. Wood. 2001. Manipulating the fatty acid composition of muscle and adipose tissue in beef cattle. Br. J. Nutr. 85:115. crossref(new window)

Solomon, M. B., G. P. Lynch and D. S. Lough. 1992. Influence of dietary palm oil supplementation on serum lipid metabolites, carcass characteristics, and lipis composition of carcass tissues of growing ram and ewe lambs. J. Anim. Sci. 70:2746.

Steel, R. G. D. and J. H. Torrie. 1990. Principles and procedures of Statistics: A Biometrical Approach. McGraw-Hill Publishing Co., New York.

Thomas, M. G., B. Bao, and G. L. Williams. 1997. Dietary fats varying in their fatty acid composition differentially influence follicular growth in cows fed isoenergetic diets. J. Anim. Sci. 75:2512.

Wonsil, B. J., J. H. Herbein and B. A. Watkins. 1994. Dietary and ruminally derived trans-18:1 fatty acids alter bovine milk lipids. J. Nutr. 124:556.

Yelich, J. V., R. P. Wettemann, H. G. Dolezal, K. S. Lusby, D. K. Bishop and L. J. Spicer. 1995. Effects of growth rate on carcass composition and lipid partitioning at puberty and growth hormone, insulin-like growth factor I, insulin, and metabolites before puberty in beef heifers. J. Anim. Sci. 73:2390.