Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Effects of Three Different Soybean Meal Sources on Layer and Broiler Performance
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
Effects of Three Different Soybean Meal Sources on Layer and Broiler Performance
Park, Y.H.; Kim, H.K.; Kim, H.S.; Lee, H.S.; Shin, I.S.; Whang, K.Y.;
  PDF(new window)
Soybean meal (SBM) is a major protein source in poultry feeds and one of the best quality ingredients because of the relatively high protein content, good amino acid profile and bioavailability. But soybean meal quality is largely dependent on the processing technology and origins. In this experiment, effects of three different soybean meals were evaluated in layer (experiment 1) and broiler (experiment 2). Soybean meal sources used in the experiments were the US-originated dehulled soybean meal (USDHSBM), India-originated non-dehulled soybean meal (India SBM) and Brazil-originated non-dehulled soybean meal (Brazil SBM). Experiment 1 was conducted during growing and laying periods and evaluated the interactive effects of soybean meal sources according to feeding periods on growth performance and egg quality. Experiment 2 was conducted during growing period (day 1-35) and finishing period (day 35-42). The growth performance was measured for the same periods and any possible interaction between soybean meal origins and crude protein levels was also studied. In experiment 1, chicks fed India SBM utilized feed more efficiently (p<0.05) than those fed Brazil SBM from day 29 to day 42. The body weights of layers during the laying period had no relation to egg production. But egg weights were significantly heavier in all the USDHSBM fed groups than other groups (p<0.001) and depended on feed protein source during growing period (p<0.001). The average egg weight of the USDHSBM fed group scored the highest value (65.4 g), followed by the Brazil SBM fed group (62.1 g) and India SBM fed group (62.1 g). There was an effect of interaction between origins of soybean meal fed group in growing and laying period on eggshell color (p<0.01). Eggshell was significantly stronger in the USDHSBM fed (for growing period) groups than other groups (p<0.05) on week. Haugh's unit (HU), albumin index and yolk index of the USDHSBM fed group in growing stage were significantly superior (p<0.001) to other groups. In experiment 2, for the 7-week, chicks on the India SBM group gained less (p<0.001) weight than other groups. While daily gain of India SBM chicks was not affected by dietary crude protein level, those of the USDHSBM and Brazil SBM chicks were linearly increased as dietary crude protein level increased from 18% to 20%. The gain per feed ratio of the USDHSBM group was the highest (0.585), followed by the Brazil SBM group (0.568) and India SBM group (0.550) (p<0.01). Therefore, in this experiment, the use of USDHSBM with excellent protein quality and amino acid digestibility could be of advantage to the economic production of layer and broiler.
Soybean Meals;Layer;Broiler;Growth Performance;Egg Quality;Protein Source;
 Cited by
Effects of Origins of Soybean Meal on Growth Performance, Nutrient Retention and Excreta Microflora of Broilers,Ku, Yun;Ingale, Santosh Laxman;Kim, Jin Soo;Kim, Kwang Hyun;Lee, Su Hyup;Chae, Byung Jo;

한국가금학회지, 2013. vol.40. 2, pp.129-138 crossref(new window)
AOAC. 1990. Official Methods of Analysis. 15th ed. Association of Official analytical Chemists, Washington, DC.

Araba, M. and N. Dale. 1990. Evaluation of protein solubility as an indicator of over-processing soybean meal. Poult. Sci. 69:76-81.

Chung, K. K., B. D. Lee and H. S. Park. 1988. Effects of feeding dehulled soybean meal and full fat soybean on the performance and profitability of broilers. Korean J. Anim. Nutr. Feed. 12(6):292-297.

Caskey, C. D. and F. C. Knapp. 1944. Method for detecting inadequately heated soybean oil meal. Ind. Eng. Chem. 16:641-642. crossref(new window)

Cresswell, D. 1992. The economics of using soybean meal in poultry diets. ASA Technical Bulletin MITA No. 172/12/91. ASA, Singapore.

Eggum, B. O. and R. M. Beames. 1983. The nutritive value of seed proteins. In: Seed Proteins, Biochemistry, Genetics, Nutritive value. (Ed. E. Gottschalk and H. P. Muller). pp. 499-531. Martinus Nijhof/Junk, Hague.

Farran, M. T., M. G. Uwayjan, A. M. Miski, F. T. Sleiman, F. A. Adada, V. M. Ashkarian and O. P. Thomas. 1995. Effect of feeding raw and treated common vetch seed (Vicia Sativa) on performance and egg quality parameters of laying hens. Poult. Sci. 74:1630-1635.

Fernandez, S. R. and C. M. Parsons. 1996. Bioavailability of digestible lysine in heat-damaged soybean meal for chick growth. Poult. Sci. 75:224-231.

Garlich, J. D. 1988. Quality of Soybean Meal : Amino acid availabilites and their relationship to processing, urease index, and trypsin inhibitors. In Animal Nutrition Highlights. Special Edition. Feb. 1988 by American Soybean Association.

Gowda, S. K., S. V. Verma, A. V. Elangovan and S. D. Singh. 1998. Neem (Azadirachta indica) kernel meal in the diet of white Leghorn layers. Br. Poult. Sci. 39:648-652. crossref(new window)

Hy-Line International. 1998. Commercial Management Guide. Hy-Line International., West Des Moines, Iowa USA.

Joo, Y. J., K. R. Kang, K. T. Nham, C. W. Kang and M. S. Jung. 1994. Evaluation of nutritional quality of soybean oil meals as poultry feed stuffs. Korean J. Anim. Nutr. Feed. 18(5):340-345.

Kang, C. W., K. T. Nham, Y. J. Joo and K. R. Kang. 1993. Evaluation of nutritional quality of soybean oil meals as poultry feedstuffs in Korea. ASA Research Report 12-8155, Korea.

Lee, H. and J. D. Garlich. 1992. Effect of overcooked soybean meal on chicken performance and amino acid availability. Poult. Sci. 71:499-508.

Lee, J. H., In K. Han, J. K. Ha, J. W. Kim and I. B. Kim. 1994. The determination of amino acid digestibility of soybean meals in pigs. Korean J. Anim. Nutr. Feed. 18(5):354-362.

Leeson, S. J., O. Attech and J. D. Summers. 1987. Effects of increasing dietary levels of commercially heated soybeans on performance, nutrient retention and carcass quality of broiler chickens. Can. J. Anim. Sci. 67:821-828.

Lewis, P. D., G. C. Perry and T. R. Morris. 1996. Effects of changes in photoperiod and feeding opportunity on the performance of two breeds of laying hen. Br. Poult. Sci. 37: 279-293. crossref(new window)

McNaughton, J. L. and F. N. Reece. 1980. Effect of moisture content and cooking time on soybean meal urease index, trypsin inhibitor content, and broiler growth. Poult. Sci. 59:2300-2306.

North, M. O. 1972. Commercial Chicken Production Manual. 2nd Ed. The AVI Publishing Company, Inc. Westport, CT.

NRC. 1994. Nutritional requirement of poultry. 9th Ed. National Academy Press, Washington, DC.

Ohh, S. J. 1988. Production scheme of soybean meal. In the text for an Animal Nutrition and Feed Technology. Seminar by Korean Society of Animal Nutrition & Feed. pp. 13-23.

Park, H. S. and S. H. Baik. 1997. Comparison of two different soybean meal sources for broilers. ASA feeding trial report. ASA, Korea.

Ravindran, V. 1995. Evaluation of layer diet formulated from nonconventional feedingstuffs. Br. Poult. Sci. 36:165-170. crossref(new window)

Renner, R. and F. W. Hill. 1960. Studies on the effect of heat treatment on metabolizable energy value of soybeans and extracted soybean flakes for the chick. J. Nutr. 70:219-227.

Richter, G., A. Lemser and J. Bargholz. 1996. Rapeseed and rapeseed meal as components in diets of laying hens. Archiv fur Tierernahrung. 49:229-241. crossref(new window)

SAS. 1998. SAS User's Guide: Statistics. Ver. 6.2 Ed. SAS Institute Inc., Cary, NC.

Swick, R. A. 1994. Soybean Meal Quality. ASA Technical Bulletin No. 071/12/93. ASA, Singapore.

Swick, R. A. 1995. Selection and use of soybean meal in swine feed. ASA Technical Bulletin No. 083/12/94. ASA, Singapore.

Swick, R. A. 1998. US soybean meal: Present Quality and Future Trends. ASA Technical Bulletin. MITA No. 096/11/97. AN14-1998. ASA. Singapore.

Waldroup, P. W., B. E. Ramsey, H. M. Hellwig and N. K. Smith. 1985. Optimum processing for soybean meal used in broiler diets. Poult. Sci. 64:2314-2320.

Ward, N. E. 1996. Quality considerations for soybean meal. ASA Technical Bulletin. MITA No. 195, 11. ASA, Singapore.

Yasumatsu, K., J. Toda, M. Kajikawa, N. Okamoto, H. Mori, M. Kuwayama and K. Ishi. 1972. Studies on the functional properties of food-grade soybean products. Agr. Biol. Chem. 36:523-531.