Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Rearing Black Bengal Goat under Semi-Intensive Management 1. Physiological and Reproductive Performances
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
Rearing Black Bengal Goat under Semi-Intensive Management 1. Physiological and Reproductive Performances
Chowdhury, S.A.; Bhuiyan, M.S.A.; Faruk, S.;
  PDF(new window)
Ninety pre-puberal (6-7 months) female and 15 pre-puberal male Black Bengal goats were collected on the basis of their phenotypic characteristics from different parts of Bangladesh. Goats were reared under semi-intensive management, in permanent house. The animals were vaccinated against Peste Des Petits Ruminants (PPR), drenched with anthelmentics and deeped in 0.5% Melathion solution. They were allowed to graze 6-7 h along with supplemental concentrate and green forages. Concentrates were supplied either 200-300 g/d (low level feeding) or quantity that supply NRC (1981) recommended nutrient (high level of feeding). Different physiological, productive and reproductive characteristics of the breed were recorded. At noon (temperature= and light intensity=60480 LUX) rectal temperature and respiration rate of adult male and female increased from 100.8 to and 35 to 115 breath/min, indicated a heat stress situation. Young female attain puberty at an average age and weight of 7.20.18 months and 8.890.33 kg respectively. Mean age and weight at 1st kidding were 13.50.49 months and 15.30.44 kg respectively. It required 1.24-1.68 services per conception with an average gestation length of 146 days. At low level of feeding the postpartum estrus interval was 372.6 days, which reduced (p<0.05) with high feeding level to 216.9 days. Kidding interval also reduced (p<0.05) from 192 d at low feeding level to 177 d at high feeding level. On an average there were two kiddings/doe/year. Average litter sizes in the 1st, 2nd, 3rd and 4th parity were 1.29, 1.71, 1.87 and 2.17 respectively. Birth weights of male and female kids were 1.24 and 1.20 kg respectively, which increased (p<0.05) with better feeding. Although kid mortality was affected (p<0.05) by dam's weight at kidding, birth weight of kid, milk yield of dam, parity of kidding, season of birth, but pre-netal dam's nutrition found to be the most important factor. Kid mortality reduced from 35% at low level of feeding to 6.5% at high level of feeding of dam during gestation. Apparently, this was due to high (p<0.05) average daily milk yield (334 vs. 556 g/d) and heavier and stronger kid at birth at high feeding level.
Black Bengal Goat;Reproduction;Feeding and Kid Mortality;
 Cited by
Seasonal Variation in Scrotal Circumference and Semen Characteristics of Black Bedouin and Black Bedouin-Damascus Crossbred Bucks,Kridli, R.T.;Tabbaa, M.J.;Barakeh, F.S.;

Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences, 2007. vol.20. 3, pp.359-364 crossref(new window)
Effects of Perinatal Nutrition on Metabolic and Hormonal Profiles of Goat Kids (Capra hircus) during Their First Day of Life,Celi, Pietro;Di Trana, Adriana;Claps, Salvatore;Di Gregorio, Paola;

Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences, 2008. vol.21. 11, pp.1585-1591 crossref(new window)
Ali, S. Z., M. M. Hoque and M. A. Hasnath. 1973. A study on the growth and reproductive performance of Black Bengal goats under farms conditions. Indian. Vet. J. 50(5):438-440.

Amble, V. N., N. C. Khandekar and J. N. Grag. 1964. Statistical studies on breeding data of Beetal goats.I.C.A.R. Research Series No. 38. Indian Council of Agricultural Research. 70.

Amin, M. R., S. S. Husain and A. B. M. M. Islam. 2001. Reproductive peculiarities and litter weight in different genetic groups of Black Bengal does. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 14(3):297-301.

Bajhau, H. S. and J. P. Kennedy. 1990. Influence of pre and postpartum nutrition on growth of goat kids. Small Rumin. Res. 3:227-236. crossref(new window)

Brammer, H., J. Antonie, A. H. Kassam and H. T. van Velthuizen. 1988. Land resources appraisal of Bangladesh for agricultural developemnt. Report-2 (BGD/81/035). FAO of United Nations, Rome.

Devendra, C. and M. Burns. 1983. Goat Production in the Tropics. Commonwealth Agricultural Bureaux, Franham House, Franham Royal, Slough SL2 3BN. UK.

DiMango, E. P., V. L. W. Go and W. H. J. Summerskill. 1973. Intraluminal and postabsorptive effects of amino acids on pancreatic enzyme secretion. J. Lab Clinc. Medicine, 82, 241-248.

Gall, G. F. 1991. Breed differences in adaptation of goats. In: In World Animal Science : Genetic Resources of Pig, Sheep and Goat (Ed. K. Maijala). Royal Veterinary and Agricultural University, Denmark. Elsevier Science Publishers B.V. Amsterdam. 413-430.

Gupta, S., T. Som and L. Bhattacharya. 1964. Studies on gestation length in Black Bengal goats. Indian. Vet. J. 41:668-672.

Honhold, N. 2001. Final Report on Veterinary Epidemiology. Bangladesh Livestock Research Institute, Savar, Dhaka-1341.

Husain, S. S. 1993. A study on the productive performance and genetic potentials of Black Bengal goat. Ph.D. Thesis,

Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymenshing, Bangladesh. Husain, S. S. 1999. Sustainable genetic improvement of economic traits of Black Bengal goats through selective and cross breeding. Bangla. Agric. Univ. Res. Prog. 10:72-80.

Husain, S. S., P. Horst and A. B. M. M. Islam. 1996. Study on the growth performance of Black Bengal goat in different periods. Small Rumin. Res. 21:165-171. crossref(new window)

Husain, S. S., P. Horst and A. B. M. M. Islam. 1998. Goat production and its breeding strategy in Bangladesh. Proceedings of 1st National Workshop on Animal Breeding. Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymenshing. pp. 17-36.

Johnson, H. D. 1991. The Lactating cow in various ecosystem : Environmental effects on its productivity. In: Feeding Dairy Cows in the Tropics (Ed. A. Speedy and R. Sansoucy). FAO Anim. Prod. Health Pap. 86:9-12.

Leng, R. A. 2001. Consultancy reports on Dairy and Beef Cattle Nutrition. Bangladesh Livestock Research Institute. Savar, Dhaka.

Mishra, R. K., A. E. Nivsarker and C. L. Arora. 1979. A note on the analysis of gestation length in Sirohi goats. Indian J. Anim. Sc. 49(11):967-968.

Morand-Fehr, P. and J. Boyazoglu. 1999. Present state and future look of the small ruminant sector. Small Rumin. Res. 34:175-188. crossref(new window)

Moulick, S. K., H. Guha, S. Gupta, D. K. Mitra and S. Bhattacharya. 1966. Factors affecting multiple births in Black Bengal goats. Indian J. Vet. Sci. Anim. Husb. 36:153-164.

NRC. 1981. Nutrient Requirements of goats: Angora, Dairy, and meat goats in the Temperate and tropical countries. National Academy Press, Washing, DC.

Peters, K. J. 1999. Animal husbandry and securing feed supplyconsequence for the environment? Animal Research and Development. 49. 39-50.

Rahman, R. A., A. Hossain, M. U. Ahmed and M. M. Sen. 1977. Studies on some reproductive performances and biometry of the female genetal tract of Black Bengal goat. Indian J. Anim. Sc. 47(11):724-725.

SPSS. 1998. SPSS Base 8.0 Application Guide, SPSS Inc., USA.