Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Changes in Maternal Blood Glucose and Plasma Non-Esterified Fatty Acid during Pregnancy and around Parturition in Twin and Single Fetus Bearing Crossbred Goats
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
Changes in Maternal Blood Glucose and Plasma Non-Esterified Fatty Acid during Pregnancy and around Parturition in Twin and Single Fetus Bearing Crossbred Goats
Khan, J.R.; Ludri, R.S.;
  PDF(new window)
The effects of fetal number (single or twin) on blood glucose and plasma NEFA during pregnancy and around parturition were studied on ten Alpine Beetal crossbred goats in their first to third lactation. The animals were divided in-groups 1(carrying single fetus, n=4) and 2(twin fetus, n=6). The samples were drawn on day1 after estrus and then at 14 days interval (fortnight) for 10 fortnights. Around parturition the samples were taken on days -20, -15, -10, -5, -4, -3, -2, -1 prior to kidding and on day 0 and +1, +2, +3, +4, +5, +10, +15, +20 days post kidding. In twin bearing goats the blood glucose concentration continued to increase from 1st until 4th fortnight and thereafter gradually decline from 5th upto 8th fortnight. In single bearing goats there was increase in levels from 2nd upto 4th fortnight and thereafter it declined from 5th uptill 9th fortnight. The difference in sampling interval was highly significant (p<0.01) in both the groups. However the values were higher in single than in twin bearing goats. The plasma NEFA concentration was low in both the groups' upto 4th fortnight and thereafter it is continuously increased upto 9th fortnight. During prepartum period the blood glucose was higher in single than in twin bearing goats. The values were minimum on the day of kidding in both the groups. During postpartum period the values were significantly (p<0.01) higher in twin than in single fetus bearing goats. The plasma NEFA was significantly (p<0.05) higher in twin than in single fetus bearing goats. The blood glucose and plasma NEFA concentration can be used as index of nutritional status during pregnancy and around parturition in goats.
Blood Glucose;Goats;NEFA;Pregnancy;
 Cited by
Predicting Parturition Time through Ultrasonic Measurement of Posture Changing Rate in Crated Landrace Sows,;;;;

아세아태평양축산학회지, 2007. vol.20. 5, pp.682-692 crossref(new window)
Effect of Maternal Under-nutrition during Late Pregnancy on Lamb Birth Weight,;;;;;

아세아태평양축산학회지, 2008. vol.21. 3, pp.371-375 crossref(new window)
Bell, A. W. and R. A. Ehrhardt. 2000. Regulation of macronutrient partitioning between maternal and conceptus tissues in the pregnant ruminants. In: Ruminant Physiology. Digestion, metabolism, growth and reproduction. Ed. PB Cronje, CABI Publishing CAB International, Oxon, UK. pp. 275-276.

Bergman, E. N. 1983.The pool of nutrients.: Glucose. In dynamic biochemistry of animal production.World Animal Science'A' Basic information 3, Riss, PM(edn) Elsevire publ. Amsterdam The Netherlands. pp. 173-196.

Bowden, D. M. 1971. Nonesterified Fatty Acids and ketone bodies in blood as indicators of nutritional status in ruminants. Can. J. Anim. Sci. 51:1-13. crossref(new window)

Chaiyabutr, N., A. Faulkner and M. Peaker. 1982. Glucose metabolism in vivo in fed and 48 h starved goats during pregnancy and lactation. Br. J. Nutri. 49:87-94. crossref(new window)

Faulkner, A. 1983. Fetal and neonatal metabolism. In: Nutritional Physiology of Farm Animals (Ed. J. A. F. Rook and P. C. Thomas). Longman Publication. London, pp. 203-242.

Hay, W. W. Jr, J. W. Sparks, R. B. Wilkening, F. C. Battaglia and G. Meschia. 1983. Partitioning of maternal glucose production between conceptus and maternal tissue in sheep. Am. J. Physiol. 245:347-350.

Hay, W. W. Jr. and H. K. Meznarich. 1988. Effect of maternal glucose concentration on uteroplacental glucose consumption and transfer in pregnant sheep. Proc. Soc. Exp. Bio. Med. 190:63-69.

Hussain, Q., O. Havrevoll, L. O. Eik and E. Ropstad. 1996. Effect of energy intake on plasma glucose, non-esterified fatty acid and acetoacetate concentration in pregnant goats. Small Ruminant Res. 21:89-96. crossref(new window)

Khan, J. R. 1998. Circulatory level of some hormones, metabolites and haematological parameters during pregnancy and parturition in crossbred goats. Ph. D. Thesis. National Dairy Research Institute (Deemed University) Karnal, India.

Leury, B. J., A. R. Bird, K. D. Chandler and A. W. Bell. 1990. Glucose partitioning in the pregnant ewe: Effect of under nutrition and exercise. Br. J. Nutr. 64:449-462. crossref(new window)

Lindsay, D. B. 1973. In: Production Diseases in Farm Animals (Ed. J. M. Eare and B. F. Sanson). Bailliere Tindall, London. p. 107.

Lindsay, D. B. 1974. Metabolism in the whole animal. Proc. Nutri. Soc. 38:295.

Mbassa, G. K. and J. S. D. Poulsen. 1991. Influence of pregnancy, lactation and environment on haematological profiles in Danish Landrace goats of different parity. Comp. Biochem. Physiol. 100:403-412. crossref(new window)

MohyEl-Deen, A. M., A. Hassan, M. Samak and R. Ablezz. Zahraa. 1985. Changes in milk and certain blood components of crossbred goats and their correlation associated with lactation, pregnancy and dry season. World Rev. Anim. Prod. 21:36-40.

Morant-Fehr, P., D. B. Sauvant and A. Rouzean. 1977. Parameters indicating nutritional status of goats. Zootechnica. 19:195-203.

Oddy, V. H., J. M. Gooden, G. M. Hough, E. Teleni and E. F. Annison. 1985. Partitioning of nutrients in Merino ewes. II Glucose utilization by skeletal muscle, the pregnant uterus and the lactating mammary gland in relation to whole body glucose utilization. Aust. J. Bio. Sci. 38:95-108.

Oser, B. L. 1965. Hawks Physiological Chemistry 14th Ed. Tata Mc Graw Hill, New Delhi, India.

Prior, R. L. and R. K. Christenson. 1978. Insulin and glucose effect on glucose metabolism in pregnant and non-pregnant ewes. J. Anim. Sci. 46:201-210. crossref(new window)

Reid, R. L. and N. T. Hinks. 1962. Studies on carbohydrate metabolism of sheep.xvii.Feed requirement and voluntary feed intake in late pregnancy with reference to prevention of hypoglycemia and hyperktonaemia. Aust. J. Agr. Res. 13:1092-1111. crossref(new window)

Shipe, W. F., G. F. Senyk and K. B. Fountain. 1980. Modified copper soap solvent extraction method for measuring free fatty acid in milk. J. Dairy Sci. 63:193-198. crossref(new window)

Snedecor, G. W. and W. C. Cochran. 1989. Statistical Methods.8th Ed. Iowa State University Press, Ames, Iowa.

Veron, G. W. 1980. Lipid metabolism in adipose tissue of ruminant animals. Progress in Lipids Research 19:23. crossref(new window)

Wilson, S. 1984. The metabolism of fatty acids in undernourished pregnant ewes. Can. J. Anim. Sci. 94:246-247.